Some science behind the scenes

Sacred geography

The UK and Europe as a whole is blessed with an enormous number of tumuli, cairns, mounds, baileys, wells, standing stones, stone circles, mark stones, ponds, moated islands, posts, barrows,  and similar remnants of lost civilisations.  Most of these predate Celtic history and may even predate Neolithic times.  The generic name given to most of these is ‘prehistoric site’.  Quite a large number of these are still recognised as being sacred, the sacredness of other sites has long since passed out of human memory and legend.

The combination of the sacred sites and the lines that link them form a sort of sacred geography, a sacred geography that certainly exists in Europe, but also exists all over the world, as such sites and straight line roads exist on every continent.

Sacred geography and the ‘sky map’

Ley lines and sacred sites are connected, and can be found all over the earth.  Superficially they appear simply to connect points on the surface of the earth that have been chosen because they are the focus of strong telluric currents.  They are sacred because they help with spiritual experience.  But telluric currents have a cause and the cause is the combination of the magnetic forces under the earth’s surface interacting with the planets and other heavenly bodies in the sky.  What is above influences what is below a great deal.

Alfred Watkins, the pioneer of the discovery of ley lines in the UK, found that some stones had maps of the ley lines on them [see cup and rings].  Yet others have noted that stones such as the dolmen of Rocenaud, France, has cup marks which are grouped to resemble the Pleiades.

By deduction, others have now worked out that cup marked stones are BOTH ley maps AND Constellation maps.  They diagrammatically represent a star constellation, but at the same time that star constellation has been physically marked out on the earth, using sacred sites, mark stones, ley lines, and so on with the exact proportions that occur in the constellation – as above so below. 

We can thus state that Sacred geography is representing heaven and its constellations here on earth.

In its own way, this must be one of the most wonderful and startling aspects of the sacred geography system.  Many thousands of years ago, there were civilisations advanced enough to plot the entire star map of the heavens on earth. 

By doing this they could travel from sacred site to sacred site simply by looking at the sky.  If they found the constellation which symbolically they were in, and knew the star equivalent of the site to which they were headed, and the star equivalent of the site from which they had come, they could follow the map in the sky with its proportional directions and intermediate location finders to get to final destination.  In essence one was plotting a route on the earth which corresponded to the one in the sky.

This means of course that every sacred marker from broch to pyramid, from crannog to ziggurat, has its equivalent star or galaxy.  A galaxy might merit a very prestigious site, a tiny star needs only a mark stone.

But, you may say, what about all the telluric currents and the ‘blind springs’ that mark the meeting points of the currents.  Aren’t some sites chosen for their potency?

The constellations have an influence upon us, even at great distance.  The activity of the sun, moon and planets and very close constellations are not without their physical effects.  We are washed all the time by the solar wind.  The Moon affects our tides.  There is a 'gravitational pull' – an attractive or repulsive force between every object in the sky even if it is very weak.  And then there is cosmic radiation.  We probably only know a fraction of what is being delivered to us from afar.

The Ancients believed that a site became potent when constellation and sacred site were ‘aligned’, at that time a tunnel opened between the constellation and the site and ‘communication’ took place.  Maybe they were right.

Names and naming

A sacred landscape maps spiritual features and symbols onto the physical landscape using a mix of naturally occurring and man-made features which have spiritual 'power'.  Thus a symbol or concept name may be used to name a site, but it may also have once been used to name a star or planet, or as you will see in the section on constellations, a symbol may also be used to name a constellation.  

The landscape at one time must have been immensely beautiful as a result of this matrix of lines and sacred sites, all named using spiritual concepts and symbols, all accessible by using the night sky as a map.  The civilisations that built this landscape were advanced, we delude ourselves by thinking that we are advanced.

List of entries

A description of the measuring system that was used can be found under

The following links take you to the detailed sections on the features themselves


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