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Tepe Tureng

Identifier

022341

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

Tureng Tepe (Persian: تورنگ تپه‎‎, "Hill of the Pheasants") is an archaeological site in northeastern Iran, in the Gorgan plain, approximately 17 km northeast of the town of Gorgan.

It consists of a group of mounds interspersed with ponds and water courses. The whole archaeological pattern is about 800 – 900 m in diameter. Most of the mounds rise between 11 and 15 m above the level of the surrounding plan, but the steep central mound is over 30 m high and dominates the entire site.

The oldest remains on the site date to the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods. The Bronze Age settlement portion of the site dates from approximately 3100-2900 BC through 1900 BC.  It is a stunning example of how sacred geography evolved from the time of the Ancestors up until the Zoroastrian period.  It also appears to have once used a considerable number of the sacred symbols. 

There are figures of High priestesses, which indicate it may have been used for the sexually based techniques at one time.  A considerable number of these little figures have been found.

Tepe IIIB Period 3rd Millenium BCE University
of Pennsylvania Museum
 
 

 

 

Chronology

Neolithic and Chalcolithic

  • Tureng IA (Neolithic period - these layers are assumed to lie below the water table. From this horizon occur Djeitun-like sherds, incorporated in bricks made in later periods)
  • Tureng IB (Late Neolithic period - again presumably below the water table)
  • Tureng IIA (Early Chalcolithic period)

Bronze Age

  • Tureng IIB (ca. 3100–2600 BCE)
  • Tureng III A / B (ca. 2600–2100 BCE). To this period belongs an enormous, mud-bricks high terrace, constructed in the center of the settlement and representing perhaps the earliest example of monumental architecture in this region.
  • Tureng III C (about 2100 -? BCE)

Iron Age

  • Tureng IV A (Iron Age, possibly 7th century BCE)
  • Tureng IV B Iron Age, possibly 6th century BCE)
  • Tureng VA (2nd century BCE)

Historical time

  • Tureng VB (1st century BCE)
  • Tureng VC / D (1st–2nd century AD)
  • Tureng VI A Sasanian empire(3rd–5th century AD)
  • Tureng VI B end of the Sasanian empire (possibly 6th - 7th centuries)
  • Tureng VII A / B Islamic occupation at the top of Mound A(10th–11th century AD)
  • Tureng VIII some Islamic remains located in the south-west part of the site (possibly 13th century AD)

 

A description of the experience

The source of the experience

Zoroastrian

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Commonsteps

References