Some science behind the scenes
Sacred geography - pyramid
Physical pyramids take on the symbolism of Pyramids.
A Pyramid is symbolically an artificial mountain. Artificial mountains can be large artificially raised hills, or they can be buildings such as pyramids or ziggurats. They can also be temples that look like stepped mountains.
One of the advantages of a constructed symbolic mountain is that many of the ‘features’ of heaven can be built into them. One feature of the spiritual world, for example, is that it has levels and layers and in many of the constructions we see stepped levels with successively receding stories leading to a pinnacle or main platform.
The number of levels in the physical structures varies [occasionally as much to do with resources than beliefs], but they were once multicolored and decorated with symbols of the ‘things’ to be found at each level. As you wound your way round the levels you were thus presented with the residents of heaven at that level, the minor gods, the major gods or the angels. At the top you were symbolically at the level of ‘God’. Few people other than shamans were allowed on these structures for obvious reasons. The temple at the top in particular was totally out of bounds and it is possible that a temple was built to give the impression of a place shielded from the common eyes. If temples were placed at the top they were also often painted. Indigo, a colour symbolic of the highest levels of attainment was used, but so was white - Light.
The observations provide examples of some better known pyramids, however in the following paragraphs I will describe just a few examples of man-made pyramids – man-made mountains. Pyramids are found in many locations which I have not included for brevity’s sake. France for example has a number of Roman pyramids and in Italy, the Romans built a number of pyramids one of which is the 27-metre-high Pyramid of Cestius built by the end of the first century BC. It is still standing and is to be found close to the Porta San Paolo:
China – Most pyramidic structures in China were used for the burial of emperors. The First Emperor of Qin (circa 221 BC), for example, was buried under a large mound outside modern day Xi'an. In the following centuries about a dozen more Han Dynasty royals were also buried under flat-topped pyramidal earthworks. The symbolism should be clear - he had, in theory anyway, become a 'god'.
Egyptian pyramids - The most well-known pyramids are probably the Egyptian pyramids — huge structures built of brick or stone, all stepped, some of which were, at the time, covered with white limestone and decorated. Over 138 pyramids had been discovered in Egypt as of 2008, many were used for burial of 'royal' or 'semi royal' people - gods. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest in Egypt and one of the largest in the world. The base is over 52,600 square meters in area, but this was used for Initiation into the Mysteries - see the observation.
Mesoamerican pyramids - A number of Mesoamerican cultures built pyramid-shaped structures. Mesoamerican pyramids were usually stepped, with temples on top, more similar to the Mesopotamian ziggurat than the Egyptian pyramid. The largest pyramid by volume is the Great Pyramid of Cholula, in the Mexican state of Puebla. This pyramid is considered the largest monument ever constructed anywhere in the world, and is still being excavated.
Cambodia – a number of pyramids were built during the Khmer Empire (802–1434). The first pyramid temple 36-meter-high [Prasat Thom in Koh Ker Complex] was built by King Jayavarman VI between 924–941, the second called Phimeanakas was built in 944, the third one is Takeo Temple built in 974 by King Jayavarman V. The last and biggest one is Baphoun - it's date of build is unknown. Same symbolism.
Nubian pyramids – About 220 Nubian pyramids were constructed at three sites in Nubia to serve as tombs for the kings and queens of Napata and Meroë. The Kush pyramids, also known as the Nubian Pyramids were built before Egypt built its great pyramids. The Nubian pyramids were constructed at a steeper angle than Egyptian ones, but were four sided and stepped. Pyramids were still being built in Nubia up to AD 300.
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- Angkor Wat
- Babylon - The Temple of Ésagila
- Babylon - The Ziggurat of Etemanki 01
- Babylon - The Ziggurat of Etemanki 02
- Babylon - The Ziggurat of Etemanki 03
- Bayard Taylor - Poems of the Orient – Nubia
- Borgund stavkirke
- Brunton, Dr Paul - A Search in Secret Egypt - A night inside the Great Pyramid 1
- Brunton, Dr Paul - A Search in Secret Egypt - A night inside the Great Pyramid 2
- Brunton, Dr Paul - A Search in Secret Egypt - A night inside the Great Pyramid 3
- Brunton, Dr Paul - A Search in Secret Egypt - A night inside the Great Pyramid 4
- Celtic - Diodorus Sicilus and Pindar - Stonehenge
- Chavín de Huántar
- Chichen Itza - Mayan - Observatory 'the Snail'
- Chichen Itza - Mayan - Pyramid
- Chichen Itza - Mayan - Pyramids and pools
- Coba - Mayan - White ways and pyramids
- Copan - Mayan - Overview and plan
- Copan - Mayan - The staircase
- Eleanor C Merry - The Flaming Door - On Initiation in the Great Pyramids
- Hernan Cortes - Aztecs and Mexica - The view from Tlatelolco
- Incas - Macchu Picchu - The Egg and the Ship of souls
- John Michell - The View over Atlantic – The sacred geography of China
- Karnataka and South India - 02 Temple architecture
- Karnataka and South India - 03 Airavatesvara Temple
- Karnataka and South India - 04 Bhoga Nandeeshwara and Arunachaleswara Temples
- Karnataka and South India - 05 Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur
- Karnataka and South India - 06 Ekambareswarar Temple
- Karnataka and South India - 07 Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple
- Kish - The Kish archaeological site
- Lagash - Sacred geography
- Mesopotamian - Means of achieving spiritual experience 09 Creating a sacred geography
- Mount Agung Bali
- Nineveh - Jonah prophecies the destruction of the city
- Norse - Borum Eshoj
- Norse - Jelling - The North and South Mound
- Palenque - Mayan - Overview
- Palenque - Mayan - Pyramids and ball courts
- Sacred geography - Ancient Egyptian - Abu Simbel
- Sacred geography - Ancient Egyptian - The sphinx
- Sacred geography - Korean mystic shamanism – Caves – 02 The Tomb Complex of Goguryeo
- Sacred geography – Picts – Mark stones
- Sacred sites and the FieldREG experiments
- Schuré - The Great Initiates – 01 Reconstruction of an Initiation ceremony
- Shaivism - Concepts and symbols - The Dance floor
- Susa - The meeting place for mystic systems
- Susa - Ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil
- Tendai - Seiganto-ji
- Tepe Ecbatana
- Tepe Kangavar
- Tepe Pasargadae
- Tepe Sialk
- Tepe Tureng
- Tepe Yahya
- The Ancestors - Avebury World Heritage site - Marlborough Mound
- The Ancestors - Avebury World Heritage site - Silbury Hill
- The Great Egyptian complex
- Tikal - Mayan - Overview
- Tikal - Mayan - Pyramid
- Tikal - Mayan - Temple I
- Uxmal - Mayan - Overview
- Uxmal - Mayan - Pyramid
- W.Y. Evans-Wentz - The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries - Celtic and Egyptian Mysteries compared
- W.Y. Evans-Wentz - The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries - The Pyramids as the site of the Mysteries
- Watson, Lyall - Sacred mountains and volcanoes
- Wirth, Oswald – 13 Death
- Ziggurat of Dur-Kurigalzu
- Zoroastrian - Means of achieving spiritual experience - 12 Creating a sacred geography