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Indus valley - Mohenjo-Daro - 05 The Great Bath



Type of Spiritual Experience


The Great Bath is one of the best-known structures among the ruins of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh, Pakistan. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Great Bath was built in the 3rd Millennium BC, soon after the raising of the "citadel" mound on which it is located.  Its siting is key, as the fact it was placed next to a symbolic mountain places it – not as a public bathing place – but as a Sacred geographic feature, in this case a Sacred stepped well.

"Most scholars agree that this tank would have been used for special religious functions where water was used to purify and renew the well being of the bathers."

Across the street of Great Bath, there was a large building having several rooms and three verandas, with two staircases leading to roof and upper floor; and considering the size and proximity to Great Bath, this building is tentatively termed as house of Priest/several priests and labelled as "college of priests"

The Great Bath measures 11.88 metres x 7.01 metres, and has a maximum depth of only 2.43 metres. Two wide staircases, one from the north and one from the south, served as the entry to the structure. A 1 metre wide and 40 centimetres mound is present at the ends of these stairs. A hole was also found at one end of the Bath which might have been used to drain the water into it.


A description of the experience

The floor of the tank was water tight due to finely fitted bricks and mud laid on edge with gypsum plaster and the side walls were constructed in a similar manner. To make the tank even more water tight, a thick layer of bitumen (waterproof tar) was laid along the sides of the pool and presumably also on the floor. Brick colonnades were discovered on the eastern, northern and southern edges. The preserved columns had stepped edges that may have held wooden screens or window frames. Two large doors lead into the complex from the south and other access was from the north and east. A series of rooms were located along the eastern edge of the building and in one room was a well that may have supplied some of the water needed to fill the tank. Rainwater also may have been collected for this purpose, but no inlet drains have been found. 

The source of the experience


Concepts, symbols and science items



Activities and commonsteps