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Observations placeholder

Symbols – Picts – Sacred site - Concentric circles [Complex site]



Type of Spiritual Experience


A description of the experience

Dyce symbol stone

The View over Atlantis – John Michell

It can therefore be inferred that in some way the pattern of structures on the surface of the earth can affect the course of the subterranean flow. The massive works of the prehistoric landscape architects determined rather than marked the paths of current.

Man manipulated the landscape in order to concentrate earth forces – the telluric currents, - at certain key points, thus providing the power with which to achieve ‘supernatural’ acts.  Ditches were dug in concentric circles, menhirs and other standing stones were placed like acupuncture needles in order to direct the current.  The fluting cut in stones was designed to manipulate the current better.

The Cosmic Egg is formed of a series of levels and layers that change in vibrational rate, there is no actual line between the layers, but for ease of explanation, lines and name have been given to these layers – Earth, Water, Air, Fire [the Elements] and then Aether [see Map of the Egg].  If the Aether is further subdivided it then has the symbolic Planets [7] and the Stars [symbolic Constellations including the Signs of the Zodiac].  The centre is then the unmoving mover.

The sacred geography of a site reflects this symbolic system.  As such any one site may have:

  • earthworks and menhirs arranged to achieve energy concentration
  • combined with the structures intended to reflect the symbolic landscape

An altar, for example may be in the centre surrounded by a stone circle, which in turn is surrounded by a ditch, then perhaps a series of mark stones .  This would give three rings to the overall structure and may perhaps be organised to reflect the Inward Court, Outward Court and Inner court [see Map of Egg again].


There may be literally thousands of structures in the UK where only remnants of these circles remain.  Monoliths can be remnants of a circle.  It was thought in our forbears day that it was extremely unlucky to remove circles, but they did it anyway and left single stones  as an act of propitiation to the ghosts they believed would rise up against them.  Now we have aerial photography, it is much easier to see where a single stone monolith is actually connected via darker patches of grass to ghost stones long since removed and reused in buildings and walls.

The concentric circles are not ‘power lines’ themselves, although if they are intact and the earthworks intact, more general changes in energy level may be discernible as one walks towards the centre. 

Thus stones having markings consisting of the mirror type symbol [usually a broch], the dumbbell type symbol [usually a crannogh or isthmus] with concentric circles is simply providing more detail of the structures to be found at the site – just the crannogh, or a crannogh with a bridge and three concentric structures on it.

Testing of actual sites in the UK

Robin J Allen writing in Cheshire Life of June 1940 [The Straight Track Business Again] found that when he tested t[he theory of concentric circles as ley lines] on Kelsall Iron Age Camp in Cheshire he found four churches on one circle, six on another and seven on a third.  No physical significance attaches to the circles themselves; they are symbolic of the levels and layers in the cosmic Egg and often simply represent the Elements.  To put it another way, these are not telluric currents or so called ‘power lines’, they are just another form of ley line.

A Colonel A T Powell in an appendix to Major F C Tyler’s book The Geometrical Arrangement of Ancient Sites [1939] wrote that:

A  circle can be drawn through any three points not in a straight line.  If, however, one can be drawn through four points or two concentric circles through four points (two on each circle) then there must be a definite geometrical relation between the points.
This may be chance or design. More than four points falling on one circle or two concentric circles so diminishes the mathematical probability of chance that design alone must be considered.

Tyler stated that on concentric circles from a given centre, two or more points give confidence that they are beyond the realm of chance. 

An example beyond Scotland

In order to show that this system of marking and construction was a universal one it is helpful to compare the site of Rujm el-Hiri (Arabic: رجم الهري‎, Rujm al-Hīrī; Hebrew: גִּלְגַּל רְפָאִים‎ Gilgal Refā'īm or Rogem Hiri),  an ancient megalithic monument consisting of concentric circles of stone with a tumulus at center. It is located in the Israeli-occupied portion of the Golan Heights, some 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of the coast of the Sea of Galilee, in the middle of a large plateau covered with hundreds of dolmen.

Made up of more than 42,000 basalt rocks arranged in concentric circles, it has a mound 15 feet (4.6 m) tall at its center. Some circles are complete, others incomplete. The outermost wall is 520 feet (160 m) in diameter and 8 feet (2.4 m) high. The establishment of the site, and other nearby ancient settlements, is dated by archaeologists to the Early Bronze Age II period (3000–2700 BCE).

The Pictish sites must have been laid out, at one time, in much the same way, the difference is that they have largely disappeared because of a lack of understanding of their purpose or wilful destruction by those who did not want their legacy to be maintained.  But the Pictish stones are their memorial, a record of their existence – signposts to a mystic history.

The source of the experience


Concepts, symbols and science items

Science Items

Sacred geography
Sacred geography - altars
Sacred geography - artificial hills
Sacred geography - barrows
Sacred geography - beacons
Sacred geography - blind springs
Sacred geography - bridges
Sacred geography - castle
Sacred geography - citadel
Sacred geography - cross
Sacred geography - crossroads
Sacred geography - cursus
Sacred geography - henges
Sacred geography - hollow roads
Sacred geography - initial sites
Sacred geography - islands
Sacred geography - isthmus
Sacred geography - labyrinths
Sacred geography - ley lines
Sacred geography - mapping the spiritual onto the physical
Sacred geography - mark stones
Sacred geography - mountain
Sacred geography - natural hills
Sacred geography - obelisk
Sacred geography - palace
Sacred geography - pole
Sacred geography - rivers and streams
Sacred geography - water sites
Telluric currents

Activities and commonsteps