Strictly speaking, the word Apocalypse is the Greek term for a revelation or prophecy,
"Apocalypse" (ἀποκάλυψις) is a Greek word meaning an unveiling or unfolding of things not previously known and which could not be known apart from the unveiling".
but within most people’s understanding it has come to mean a revelation which describes the prophet’s visions of the end times – the end of the world, or the end of man or the end of an era – a particular cycle in history. Because of its nature, this event is usually envisaged as one involving destruction or damage on a catastrophic scale.
Along with the idea of destruction, however, are often accompanying messages of hope – of wrongs made right, of comfort for the heart broken, and of justice done, often involving God, to indicate the sheer scale of the problem and the magnitude and level of destructive change that takes place as a solution, for example
1. The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me, because the Lord has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,
2 to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favour and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,
3 and provide for those who grieve in Zion—to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair.
It is essential to realise that this is not a purely Biblical phenomenon.
Although the fully apocalyptic visions in Daniel 7–12, as well as those in the New Testament’s Revelation are perhaps the best known examples, many others have had such visions – including George Washington the then President of the USA and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the writer and inventor of Sherlock Holmes
We have a number of other concepts on the site that are related to the idea of the apocalypse, each being an aspect of apocalyptic events
- Judgement – the Tarot
- Ages of Man
- Mass extinction
- Increments of evolution
- Theory of evolution
The observations have only been duplicated here if the apocalypse is specifically described, as opposed say to just the judgement etc.
In Norse mythology, Ragnarök is the name given to the deaths of the many northern white races. It is described in terms of a series of events, including a great battle, foretold to lead to the deaths of a number of the gods including Odin, Thor, Týr, Freyr, Heimdallr and Loki. The time will include natural disasters and the submersion of the world in water. Given the submersion of much of Europe via the Doggerbank disaster, it may be that this apocalypse has already occurred. After these events, the myths predict that "the world will resurface anew and fertile, the surviving and returning gods will meet and the world will be repopulated". As Wikipedia says "Ragnarök is an important event in Norse mythology and has been the subject of scholarly discourse and theory in the history of Germanic studies".
The event is described in the Poetic Edda, in a single poem and is referred to as Ragnarök or Ragnarøkkr (Old Norse for "Fate of the Gods" and "Twilight of the Gods", respectively). The event was used by composer Richard Wagner in his Ring cycle. And was the last of his Der Ring des Nibelungen operas, Götterdämmerung (1876), which is "Twilight of the Gods" in German.
I shall tell you how it will end, and then how it will begin once more. These are dark days I will tell you of, dark days and hidden things, concerning the ends of the earth and the death of the gods. Listen, and you will learn.
This is how we will know that the end times are upon us. It will be far from the age of the gods, in the time of men. It will happen when the gods all sleep, every god but all-seeing Heimdall. He will watch everything as it begins, although he will be powerless to prevent what he sees from happening.
Neil Gaiman, in Norse Mythology (2017), Ragnarok: The Final Destiny of the Gods
The Three Ages of Buddhism
The Three Ages of Buddhism are three divisions of time following Buddha's passing and predict the decline and degeneration of the religion over time. But although there have been attempts to allocate timescales to each period, there is actually no agreement on what the timescales are, we have seen figures ranging from 500 years to 2000 years! It is thus probably better to simply view the prophecy as it stands:
- Former Day of the Law—also known as the Age of the Right Dharma (Chinese: 正法; pinyin: Zhèng Fǎ; Jp: shōbō), during which the Buddha's disciples are able to uphold the Buddha's teachings;
- Middle Day of the Law—also known as the Age of Semblance Dharma (Chinese: 像法; pinyin: Xiàng Fǎ; Jp: zōhō), which only resembles the right Dharma
- Latter Day of the Law—also known as the Degenerate Age (Chinese: 末法; pinyin: Mò Fǎ; mòfǎ; Jp: mappō), during which the Dharma declines, the Buddhism of Gautama Buddha would lose all power of salvation and a new Buddha would appear to save the people. This time period would be characterized by unrest, strife, famine, and natural disasters.
The three periods are significant to Mahayana adherents, particularly those who hold the Lotus Sutra in high regard, namely the Tiantai and Tendai and Nichiren Buddhism.
Using the observation we have of Buddha himself and extracting a small part we read that
The masses will toil and suffer while the local officials will plot and scheme. No one will adhere to principles.
Instead, the human race will multiply, becoming like the sands of the ocean-bed.
Good persons will be hard to find; .....
As the eon comes to a close, ...... the lifespan of people will decrease. Their hair will turn white by the time they are forty. Because of excessive licentious behavior they will quickly exhaust their seminal fluids and will die at a young age, usually before sixty years. As the lifespan of males decreases, that of females will increase to seventy, eighty, ninety, or one hundred years.
The mighty rivers will flood and lose harmony with their natural cycles, yet people will not take notice or feel concern. Extremes of climate will soon be taken for granted. Beings of all races will mix together at random, without regard for the noble and the mean. Their births and rebirths will cause them to sink and float, like feeding aquatic creatures.
Hindu astronomers calculated long ago that our sun revolves around another star ‘as its dual’ in a 24,000 year cycle which they then divide into eight ‘yugas’ or ages [which are not of equal length]. They also observed that this dual system revolves around a ‘grand centre’ or the centre of the galaxy [which we now know to be a black hole], called the Vishnunabhi, and is the seat of creative power Brahma, ‘the universal magnetism’. [Brahma can be roughly equated with God or the Ultimate Intelligence].
The Shaivites and as a consequence Hindus believe we are in the age of Kali Yuga, which means we are indeed in an apocalyptic age. Taking the present Manvantara – Vaivasvata - of the seven ages we have had so far, we find that the four Yugas and their dates are:
- Krita/Satya – starting around 58,042 BC, the age of accomplishments and wisdom equivalent to the Greek Golden Age. The Golden Age is one in which people were semi-gods. Created by the immortals who live on Olympus, these humans were said to live among the gods, and freely mingled with them. Peace and harmony prevailed during this age. Humans did not have to work to feed themselves, for the earth provided food in abundance. They lived to a very old age but with a youthful appearance and eventually died peacefully. Their spirits live on as "guardians". From then on it was all downhill.
- Treta – starting around 33,848 BC, the age of the three ritual fires, rites, sedentary pursuits around a hearth [including story telling] and the start of the use of fire literally to help in agriculture and creative tasks such as pottery. The Greek Silver Age.
- Dvapara - starting about 15,703 BC, the age of doubt, the birth of religions and man loses his inherent sense of the divine reality and grows away from natural law. The Greek Bronze Age. Men of the Bronze Age, according to the Greeks were hardened and tough, as war was their purpose and passion. The men of this Age were undone by their own violent ways and left no named spirits; instead, they dwell in the "dank house of Hades". This Age came to an end with the flood of Deucalion.
- Kali – starting about 3,606 BC, the age of conflict. The prediction is that it will end with almost total destruction of the present archetype. The Greek iron Age. According to Hesiod “During this age humans live an existence of toil and misery. Children dishonour their parents, brother fights with brother and the social contract between guest and host (xenia) is forgotten. During this age might makes right, and bad men use lies to be thought good. At the height of this age, humans no longer feel shame or indignation at wrongdoing; babies will be born with grey hair and the gods will have almost completely forsaken humanity: there will be no help against evil”
The end, absolute end, of the Twilight of Kali Yuga is estimated to be ….. 2,442AD [give or take a year or two – I jest]. The Twilight of the Kali Yuga therefore would have started in about 1939. The last traces of this present humankind will have disappeared in 2,442. So as I write this we have, as a species, about 426 years to go.
The Mayan Calendar
The Mayan calendar is an ancient calendar system that rose to fame in 2012, when a “Great Cycle” of its Long Count component came to an end. Rather unfortunately, the media immediately jumped onto the bandwagon and said that this meant the world would end at 11:11 UTC on December 21, 2012. As we all know, it didn't.
The Mayan calendar dates back to at least the 5th century BCE and it is still in use in some Mayan communities today. However, even though the Mayans contributed to the further development of the calendar, they did not actually invent it. The same system was used by most cultures in pre-Columbian Central America—including those predating the Maya.
The Mayan Calendar consists of three separate corresponding calendars: the Long Count, the Tzolkin (divine calendar), and the Haab (civil calendar). So it is only the first two that are of interest.
- The Tzolkin, meaning “the distribution of the days,” is also called the Divine Calendar and the Sacred Round. It is a 260-day calendar with 20 periods of 13 days, and it is used to determine the time of religious and ceremonial events. The days in each period are numbered from one to 13. Each day is also given a name (glyph) from a sequence of 20 day names.
- The Long Count is an astronomical calendar which is used to track longer periods of time. The Maya called it the “universal cycle.” Each such cycle is calculated to be 2,880,000 days long (about 7885 solar years). The Mayans believed that the universe is destroyed and then recreated at the start of each universal cycle. The “creation date” for the current cycle is 4 Ahau, 8 Kumku. According to the most common conversion, this date is equivalent to August 11, 3114 BCE in the Gregorian calendar and September 6, 3114 BCE in the Julian calendar.
And what do we find if we compare with the Shaivite calendar?
Kali Yuga started about 3,606 BC, the age of conflict. In other words, the dates are really not that dissimilar for the start of this age, and there is every reason in a cycle of this length to expect some discepancies caused by the problems of conversion from the various systems. The Mayan and Shaivite systems thus tend to agree, we are at the end of an apocalyptic era.
Not a matter of if, but when.
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- Luke 21 King James Version (KJV)
- Science News from research organizations Mammals cannot evolve fast enough to escape current extinction crisis Date October 15, 2018
- Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction
- ANGUTTARA NIKÂYA VII. 62 - The Sermon of the Seven Suns
- Apocalypse of Esdras – 02 Chapter 5
- Apocalypse of Esdras – 03 Chapters 6 and 7
- Apocalypse of Esdras – 04 Chapters 8 , 9 and 10
- Apocalypse of Esdras – 05 Chapters 11 and 12
- Apocalypse of Esdras – 06 Chapters 13 and 14
- Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world of amphibians
- Asclepius - The End of this Era
- Asclepius - When the gods withdraw from mankind
- Bailey, Philip James - from Festus I - Dominions
- Bailey, Philip James - from Festus I - End of the world
- Bax, Clifford - The Meaning of Man - The one great song of the whole creation
- Benjamin, Walter - Theses on the Philosophy of History - The storm is what we call progress
- Book of Enoch - the New Heaven and New Earth
- Bowie, David - Black Star
- Bruce Chatwin - Climate as the motor of evolutionary change
- Bryson, Bill - Earth events as agents of change
- Bryson, Bill - Extraterrestrial events as agents of change
- Bryson, Bill - On climate as an agent of change
- Bryson, Bill - On Extinction
- Bryson, Bill - On pathogens as agents of change
- Bryson, Bill - On targeted extinction
- Bryson, Bill - On the Reasons for the Extinctions
- Bryson, Bill - On the sequencing of increments and configurations
- Buddha - The Ultimate Extinction of the Dharma
- Carl Gustav Jung - The world hangs on a thin thread....
- Chesterton, G K - Orthodoxy - On change
- Chuang Tzu - from Metamorphosis
- Cirlot on Pisces
- Daniel 07
- Daniel 08
- Daniel 09
- Daniel 10
- Daniel 11
- Daniel 12
- Destruction on a terrifying scale
- Dr Seuss - Horton Hears a Who 02
- Dr Seuss - The Lorax 01
- Dr Seuss - The Lorax 02
- Dr Seuss - The Lorax 03
- Dresden Pythia – Prophecies from August 1919 of catastrophic floods
- Dryden, John - From Harmony
- Dürer, Albrecht - Religious works - Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
- Echo & the Bunnymen - The Killing Moon
- Empedocles - On Nature - 233-364
- Eusevgny Faygdish - Mystic Cosmos - Native American Indians - Hopi Prophecy
- Flammarion, Camille - La Fin du Monde (The End of the World)
- Freddie Mercury and Queen - The Prophet’s Song
- Gardner, Ingrid - Up through the planets
- Gardner, Jeanne - A prophecy of climate change
- Gibier, Dr Paul - Psychism Analysis of Things Existing - Apocalypse
- Godwin, Joscelyn - God the Alchemist
- Hans Peter Duerr - On Ragnarok and Vargold
- Hesiod - Works and Days - The Iron Age
- Hodgson, Roger – Crime of the Century - If everyone was listening
- Jesus - The Gospel of Mary Magdalene - And the aeons
- Joel 2
- John Pendragon - The cities of the Atlantic coast from Boston to Baltimore will be wiped out, the nexus of this annihilation being New York, Pittsburgh, and Philadelphia
- Judee Sill - The Phoenix
- Lewis, C S - The Last Battle - Then the Moon came up quite in her wrong position
- Lewis, C S - The Last Battle - Through the Stable Door
- Linga Purana - End of Kali Yuga
- Linga Purana - Kali Yuga
- Mascaro, Juan - For Anandam, pure joy
- Mathew 24
- Michelangelo - 1534 Sistine Chapel - 04 Last Judgement
- Morrells, Luce and an apocalyptic dream
- Morrells, Luce and the angel of annihilation
- Nietzsche - Thus spake Zarathustra - Those who grave new values on new tables
- Nonnus, Dionysiaca 6. 155 ff
- North Whitehead, Alfred – The essential nature of Destruction as a process
- Paracelsus - On destruction and alchemical metals
- Pendragon foretold great devastation in the United States, with many eastern cities wiped out
- Pitahauerat Pawnee - Native American Indians - The End of the World
- Plato - Statesman - A Theory of Evolution
- Plumptre, Reverend Edward - The Spirits In Prison – Good, evil and the end of the world
- Poetic Edda - Vafþrúðnismál – Ragnarok and the fimbulvinter
- Poetic Edda - Völuspá - Ragnarok
- Qu'ran - The End of the World - Surah 101 & 102
- Revelation - The End of the Aeon
- Revelations 06 : 12
- Revelations 08
- Revelations 10
- Revelations 11
- Revelations 12 12 - 17
- Roger Coghill – Extinction and the Ages of Man
- S'RÎMAD BHÂGAVATAM – Canto 11, Chapter 03 – End of the world
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - A letter, published in the London Sunday Express (1930) – A summary of the imminent apocalypse
- Soddy, Frederick – Soddy's role as prophet - 04 Surely ... the world is doomed, if it fools with the achievements of science as it has fooled too long in the past
- Spencer, Stanley - Symbolism 08 - Angels of the Apocalypse 1949
- Stapledon, Olaf - Starmaker - Extinction and destruction
- Steiner, Rudolf - Nature spirits - On creation and destruction
- Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre - Hymn of the Universe - Destruction
- The Architect – The Matrix – The Ages of Man, Increments, configurations and The Great Work
- The Book Of The Apocalypse Of Baruch The Son Of Neriah - 53—54 The Messiah Apocalypse
- The Divine Institutes, Book VII (Of a Happy Life) – Lactantius - Chapter 16
- The Divine Institutes, Book VII (Of a Happy Life) – Lactantius - Chapter 17
- The Divine Institutes, Book VII (Of a Happy Life) – Lactantius - Chapter 18
- The Divine Institutes, Book VII (Of a Happy Life) – Lactantius - Chapter 19
- The Erra Epic – Tablet 1 - 01
- The Erra Epic – Tablet 1 - 02
- The Erra Epic – Tablet 1 - 03
- The Erra Epic – Tablet 2 - 01
- The Lotus Sutra - 03 Simile and Parable - 3 The Parable of the Burning House
- Vishnu and Shiva Puranas - The End of the world [continued]
- Vishnu Purana 1.3. 1-3 - The End of the World
- Vivekananda - from A Song I sing to Thee - I exist
- Washington, George - A vision and a prophecy
- Wells, H G - The Undying Fire
- Yassawi - 12 HIKMET 35