Suppression

Dementia and Alzheimers

Category: Illness or disabilaties

Type

Involuntary

Introduction and description

 

Dementia (taken from Latin, from de- "without" + ment, the root of mens "mind") is a serious loss of cognitive ability. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common and most severe form of dementia. As their causes and effects appear to be almost identical, I am treating them together.  Both are diseases or a degeneration of the brain.

Both result in a gradual loss of function of both the brain and the body.  Alzheimer’s causes death because eventually the degeneration causes either the processor for the function of the Will to be destroyed or the functions controlling bodily functions [respiration etc] to be destroyed. 

Alzheimers can develop over quite a number of years before it becomes apparent, but once it has been diagnosed the mean life expectancy is about seven years. Fewer than three percent of individuals live more than fourteen years after diagnosis.  In 2006, there were 26.6 million sufferers of Alzheimer’s worldwide. Alzheimer's is predicted to affect 1 in 85 people globally by 2050.  Figures from one European study estimated that about 35 million people have dementia worldwide. They said that figure is likely to double every 20 years, to nearly 66 million in 2030 and 115 million in 2050.  But as much dementia is never identified in countries with poor medical care, this figure can only be a rough estimate.

And a truly vast  number of people with both dementia and Alzheimer’s disease experience visions and  hallucinations

Causes

 

In general medical literature the causes are stated as being 'unknown' although old age is often cited as one simple reason.  This is not entirely satisfactory as a reason, however, as some people survive to their 100s with ‘all their marbles’.  I believe there are numerous causes some of which are starting to emerge from research:

Nutritional deprivation

Including Vitamin deficiency , especially vitamin B12, and Mineral deficiency.  There are some papers that also appear to link Dementia with overdosing on Mineral supplements and vitamin supplements 

Heavy metal poisoning

- which has been implicated in a range of brain related conditions.  An observation is provided below, on the link between a whole host of metals and brain damage in general.  It may also be helpful to read the section on lead poisoning and mercury poisoning.

And lest we forget, one of the sources of mercury is dental amalgam fillings, and there are some clear links between dental amalgam fillings and both dementia and Alzheimers.

The most recent papers also link Aluminium and brain damage in general .  Although this may result from cans and cooking utensils, it is clear that one major source is vaccines - the adjuvant in many vaccines is an aluminium salt

Aluminium in brain tissue in familial Alzheimer's disease Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, November 2016, Ambreen Mirza, Andrew King, Claire Troakes, Christopher Exley

Summary: "Aluminium has been shown to be present in brain tissue in sporadic Alzheimer's disease. We have made the first ever measurements of aluminium in brain tissue from 12 donors diagnosed with familial Alzheimer's disease. The concentrations of aluminium were extremely high, for example, there were values in excess of 10??g/g tissue dry wt. in 5 of the 12 individuals. Overall, the concentrations were higher than all previous measurements of brain aluminium except cases of known aluminium-induced encephalopathy. We have supported our quantitative analyses using a novel method of aluminium-selective fluorescence microscopy to visualise aluminium in all lobes of every brain investigated. The unique quantitative data and the stunning images of aluminium in familial Alzheimer's disease brain tissue raise the spectre of aluminium's role in this devastating disease."

Pharmaceuticals

A vast range of pharmaceuticals and so called illegal drugs have also been linked with both Dementia and Alzheimers.  These include antibiotics, antiviralsParkinson's disease drugs, Benzodiazepines,  Epilepsy drugs [especially when mis-prescribed], Anti-psychotics, Immunosuppressants, plus a host of others.  At last the FDA Adverse drug reports are starting to get used to provide people with help to see which pharmaceuticals have been directly implicated in cases of schizophrenia  - see this LINK which provides you with an up-to-date-list from eHealthme of the drugs implicated so far.  The list already runs into over a 1000.

In 2016, eHealthme completely reordered their site.  This meant that every link we had provided to their data no longer worked.  The links to eHealthme may take you to their site but not the relevant section.  Thus you can use the link, but you will need to search under ‘symptoms’ and then use the section ‘drugs causing symptoms’ to get the information.

The table below shows the Adverse Drug Reports submitted by doctors to the FDA - in effect where doctors themselves have recognised the connection, according to eHealthme, the cases of Dementia where pharmceuticals are implicated as the cause were: 20,157 reports from FDA in 2017.

Toxins

– there are links between organophosphate fertilisers and carbamate insecticides and Alzheimers.

Vaccines

Vaccines can cause brain damage, thus they can also cause Dementia and Alzheimer's disease.  I urge you to read the section on vaccines to understand why, as the reasoning behind the process needs to be understood.  The damage can be via the agent if it is a live virus, or via the excipient.  New evidence has also started to merge that adjuvants based on aluminium are also proving to be a major problem [see paper above].  The aluminium damages the blood brain barrier, thereby enabling toxins or othe pathogens to enter the brain.  Some 'flu vaccines use aluminium adjuvants.  For more details on aluminium follow the link to aluminium poisoning.

Being with cats

- for the reasons explained in this section.  There may be other parasites [cats harbour parasites that can affect the brain] that also cause the problems - see below.

Brain damage

traumatic brain damage such as - concussion perhaps caused by a fall and not diagnosed or noticed, and possibly other unnoticed disease such as cysts or benign tumours, hydrocephalus and encephalitis 

Alcoholism

- in effect an excess of alcohol intake

Parasites

- which can cause brain damage.  For example

"The species Chlamydia pneumoniae …. can cause severe respiratory disease and pneumonia and has been linked to chronic diseases such as asthma, atherosclerosis and even Alzheimer's."

Bacterial infections

- which can also cause brain damage, antibiotics do not help here as they can sometimes compromise the immune system and lay us open to more infections later, see below.

Viral infections

- even dormant viruses can manifest themselves as we get older and cause damage, especially if the immune system is compromised in some way

Alzheimer's disease has so far been definitively  associated with the bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae and Helicobacter pylori,  and with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii.  Herpes simplex virus 1 is associated with Alzheimer's disease in individuals who possess the APOE-4 form of the APOE gene (APOE-4 enables the herpes virus to enter the brain).

Dementia has so far been definitively associated with herpes simplex virus type 1, herpes simplex virus type 2, cytomegalovirus, West Nile virus, bornavirus, and HIV. Dementia is also associated with the helminth Taenia solium (pork tapeworm), and with Borrelia  species bacteria [source PMID]

Hypoxia

- see both Hypoxia and Hypoxia side-effects

Symptoms

 

The symptoms vary between people because it depends which parts of the brain degenerate or are destroyed, but the most common symptom is a loss of recent Memory or the inability to acquire new memories.  There can also be language breakdown, then long term memory loss.  The person naturally becomes very distressed about this.  Depending on the type of person this can result in aggression caused by frustration or in a passive form of fear and sadness.  Needlesss to say the person is also frequently confused.

Given that Memory is gradually being destroyed, Learnt function also goes and with it many behavioural functions, so that the person can become almost childlike in their reactions. Unfortunately a 75 or 80 year old person behaving like a child is nowhere near as endearing as a real child and the tantrums and emotional behaviour is often seen as extremely upsetting for those witnessing it.   Again depending on their Personality, in their childlike state they may be naughty, violent, rude, passive and accepting, mischievous, funny and so on.  They revert to the true Personality unaffected by behavioural constraints.

Since they are adults with sexual instincts you may also find that they simply act out their sexual desires, much like a little animal does that has no inhibitions or behavioural constraints placed on it.  A friend for example, developed the habit of lifting women’s skirts, as he passed by, with his walking stick ‘in order to see their knickers’.  He did not do this to my knowledge before dementia took over!

There can also be problems with the Reasoning function, attentiveness, planning, flexibility, and abstract thinking, or impairments in semantic memory (memory of meanings, and concept relationships).

Neither Dementia or Alzheimer’s affect all memory capacities equally. Older memories of the person's life (episodic memory, which may well be Perceptions and not Memory at all), and quite a bit of the learnt function which is not behavioural for example memory of how to do things, such as using a knife and fork to eat, or riding a bike [and more alarmingly knowing how to drive a car] are initially unaffected.

But this can of course be quite a problem for those living with the person.  My mother would ride her bike into town, but forget why she was there.  She would start to cook a meal – correctly – but forget she was cooking and leave things on the stove.  Eventually the vocabulary seems to shrink, but speech is still possible, writing is still possible, but reading is not because the attention span is so short.  Everything after about 5 to 10 minutes is forgotten.

Effects

What we can see from the symptoms is that there appears to be a gradual loss of brain cells in the cerebral cortex and most of the loss initially at least appears to be at the front.  See Brain and its functions.  Few people with dementia, for example go blind due to the degeneration of the occipital lobe.

The frontal lobe seems to be the first to go  - the lobe associated with Reasoning,  higher level cognition, and expressive language.

The next to go is the back of the the frontal lobe, near the central sulcus, - the motor cortex. This area of the brain receives information from various lobes of the brain and uses this information to carry out body movements. Once this area has been damaged complex motor sequences become less coordinated as time passes and  the risk of falling increases.

The temporal lobe - The temporal lobes directly interact with the frontal lobes in Learning. Hence there is also some evidence here that the temporal lobes are the next to go.  So during this phase, memory problems worsen, and the person may fail to recognise close relatives.   As such we can see there is a gradually spreading degeneration

Parietal lobe - One of the things I noticed with my mother and also some of the other old people with dementia was that they did not seem to feel pain.  My mother fell out of her bed and broke her hip, but she didn’t realise it and kept on telling us she couldn’t feel it.  At the time we thought this was just my Mum being brave [which was fairly typical of her] but on reflection this may have been due to the degeneration in the parietal lobe - reduced Nervous system function

 

Diagram showing the spread of the degeneration

The superior temporal lobe – consists of the superior temporal gyrus and the superior temporal sulcus.
The superior temporal gyrus is responsible for the sensation of sound and for the processing of speech. It is noticeable that as the degeneration progresses people become hard of hearing and less able to understand what is being said.

The medial temporal lobe  -  becomes activated in Memory retrieval and recall. Damage here will wipe out a person's ability to remember

Inferior temporal lobe - the inferior temporal lobe is related to perception processing.  Once the medial temporal lobe is damaged, this takes over.  People with Alzheimer’s and dementia suddenly develop vivid recall of past events.  They can relive complex scenes from their past or early childhood, including hearing conversations, seeing faces, experiencing sensations, and related events - Perception recall

The next stage of degeneration

Once the degeneration and death of brain cells goes beyond the cerebral cortex the person is effectively dying.  What they die of depends on which of the many core processors are affected.

Treatments

The treatments for these problems can be classified under two main headings

- Approaches based on tackling the cause - for example natural chelating agents for any toxins and metals, foods that are anti bacterial or anti viral, foods that address any vitamin or mineral deficiency.

 - Approaches that tackle the symptoms [the current approach used by the medical profession] based on Pharmaceuticals  - Alzheimer disease drugs

The natural remedies are covered here, a separate section has been provided for the drugs

How it works

Brain damage.  It is inevitable that anyone with dementia or Alzheimer’s will at some stage experience spiritual input.  They will have hallucinations or get inexplicable input but of course be unable to explain it because the ability to reason is also impaired. They will be ‘going home’ very gradually.  Depending on their Personality, and their past perceptions this could be a time of great happiness or sheer horror.

PET scan of the brain of a person with AD showing a loss of function in the temporal lobe.

References and further reading

  • Crystal HA, Wolfson LI, Ewing S: Visual hallucinations as the first symptom of Alzheimer's disease (letter). Am J Psychiatry 1988; 145:1318 
  • Haddad PM, Benbow SM: Visual hallucinations as the presenting symptom of senile dementia. Br J Psychiatry 1992; 161:263–265
  • Cummings JL, Miller B, Hill MA, et al: Neuropsychiatric aspects of multi-infarct dementia and dementia of the Alzheimer type. Arch Neurol 1987; 44:38

Observations

I could have listed hundreds and hundreds here, but this selection will suffice for the time being

Related observations