Plant alkaloids as drug leads for Alzheimer's disease
Type of Spiritual Experience
rhynchophylline is found in cats claw and kratom
A description of the experience
Neurochem Int. 2015 Jul 26. pii: S0197-0186(15)30020-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2015.07.018. [Epub ahead of print]
Plant alkaloids as drug leads for Alzheimer's disease.
Ng YP1, Or TC1, Ip NY2.
- 1Division of Life Science, Molecular Neuroscience Center, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, China.
- 2Division of Life Science, Molecular Neuroscience Center, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: email@example.com.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative illness associated with dementia and is most prevalent among the elderly population.
Current medications can only treat symptoms.
Alkaloids are structurally diverse and have been an important source of therapeutics for various brain disorders. Two US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for AD, galantamine and rivastigmine, are in fact alkaloids. In addition, clinical trials of four other extensively studied alkaloids-
- huperzine A,
- nicotine, and
have been conducted but do not convincingly demonstrate their clinical efficacy for AD. Interestingly, rhynchophylline, a known neuroprotective alkaloid, was recently discovered by in silico screening as an inhibitor of EphA4, a novel target for AD.
Here, we review the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying AD, current treatment strategies, and therapeutic potential of several selected plant alkaloids in AD, highlighting their various drug targets and the key supportive preclinical and clinical studies.
Future research should include more rigorous clinical studies of the most promising alkaloids, the further development of recently discovered candidate alkaloids, and the continual search for new alkaloids for relevant drug targets. It remains promising that an alkaloid drug candidate could significantly affect the progression of AD in addition to providing symptomatic relief.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS: Acetylcholinesterase; Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid beta; Neurodegenerative disease; Neurofibrillary tangles; Neuroinflammation
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
Dementia and Alzheimers
Mitragyna speciose - Kratom