Category: Illness or disabilities
Introduction and description
Staphylococci are species of Gram-positive bacteria that can cause a wide variety of very serious infections in humans and other animals through infection or the production of toxins.
We perhaps best know this bacteria from Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which has become a major cause of hospital-acquired infections, and has also been recognized with increasing frequency as the cause of ‘community-acquired infections’, for example, in old people’s homes.
There are two main types – coagulase positive and coagulase negative.
- Of the coagulase negative bacteria, some such as S. epidermidis, are found naturally on our skin. They only become a problem when the doctor feeds us immunosuppressants – in other words when our immune system is depressed, deliberately by the medical profession or accidentally by stress. In recent years, several other staphylococcal species have been implicated in human infections, notably S. lugdunensis, S. schleiferi, and S. caprae.
- The main ‘coagulase-positive’ staphylococcus is Staphylococcus aureus, although not all strains of Staphylococcus aureus are coagulase positive. These bacteria can survive on dry surfaces, increasing the chance of transmission.
Just how many infections they cause is only now being researched, as such the lists that follow may well not be complete by any means.
Food poisoning - Staphylococcal toxins are a common cause of food poisoning, as they can be produced in improperly-stored food.
Eye disease - Staphylococci are also known to be a cause of bacterial conjunctivitis, as well as ‘styes’ and other eye problems.
Meningitis - Among neurosurgical patients, it can cause community-acquired meningitis, however, the bacteria is implicated in other forms of brain disease and damage
Osteomyelitis – can be caused by this bacteria both acute and chronic cases
Heart disease - can be caused by this bacteria. For example Acute bacterial endocarditis (ABE) is more likely to be caused by Staphylococcus aureus than other bacteria because it has much greater virulence, or disease-producing capacity and frequently causes 'metastatic infection'.
Intestinal disease – gastroenteritis and other Intestinal diseases can be caused by this bacteria. It is one of the pathogens implicated in IBS.
Lung disease – can be caused by this bacteria. For example it is known to cause pneumonia
Septicaemia - S. aureus infection can a type of septicaemia called pyaemia. The infection can be life-threatening.
Sexually transmitted disease and reproductive system problems - S. saprophyticus, which is a coagulase-negative species and part of the normal vaginal flora, is “predominantly implicated in genitourinary tract infections in sexually-active young women” [Wikipedia].
Kidney disease – this bacteria is able to cause kidney disease
A total of 303 peritonitis episodes ….. were recorded. Gram-positive, gram-negative, fungi, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and ≥ 2 organisms were isolated from 102 (33.7%), 89 (29.4%), 41 (13.5%), 11 (3.6%) and five (1.6%) episodes respectively; 55 (18.2%) episodes were culture negative. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. (CONS) was the most common isolate. PMID: 24584592
Pancreas, liver, stomach disease - in the following observation, the researchers assume the patients caught the infections in hospital, but the evidence seems to point to the fact that the bacteria and other pathogens they identified were the cause of the illness and it was only the surgery that identified their presence
A total of 358 patients were included:
- 150 (42%) with pancreas resection,
- 91 (25%) with liver resection,
- 105 (29%) with gastric resection, and
- 12 (3%) with esophagus resection.
Intra-abdominal (16.5%) and surgical site infections (12.3%) were most frequent; 80.8% of the NI were culture-positive. The most frequent clinically relevant isolates were
- Escherichia coli (12.4%),
- coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) (12.2%), and
- Enterococcus faecium (9.7%).
The highest resistance rates were found for Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-resistant S. aureus [MRSA] 29.4%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (23.5%). PMID: 26046248
These bacteria can cause disease in every organ.
- A comparison of the anti-Staphylococcus aureus activity of extracts from commonly used medicinal plants 019014
- A study on inhibitory effects of Siğla tree (Liquidambar orientalis Mill. var. orientalis) storax against several bacteria 020253
- ANTI-STAPHYLOCOCCAL ACTIVITY OF MELALEUCA HONEY 020934
- Antibacterial activity of crinane alkaloids from Boophone disticha 019163
- Antibacterial activity of resin rich plant extracts 012772
- Antibacterial activity of the roots, stems and leaves of Alchornea floribunda 027922
- Antimicrobial activities of Aerva javanica and Paeonia emodi plants 019429
- Antimicrobial Activities of Some Plants from the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey 027760
- Antimicrobial activity of apple cider vinegar against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans; downregulating cytokine and microbial protein expression 027491
- Antimicrobial activity of essential oil and aqueous and ethanol extracts of Teucrium polium L. subsp. gabesianum (L.H.) from Tunisia 027898
- Antimicrobial activity of extracts of local cough mixtures on upper respiratory tract bacterial pathogens 021235
- Antimicrobial activity of natural products from the flora of Northern Ontario, Canada 019569
- Antimicrobial activity of plant essential oils against bacterial and fungal species involved in food poisoning and/or food decay 023171
- Antimicrobial activity of some Alnus species 021023
- Antimicrobial activity of Wedelia trilobata crude extracts 019420
- Antimicrobial properties of mucus from the brown garden snail Helix aspersa 027690
- Antioxidant and antibacterial properties of green, black, and herbal teas of Camellia sinensis 023165
- Antioxidant, antibacterial and ACE-inhibitory activity of four monofloral honeys in relation to their chemical composition 019056
- Antistaphylococcal activity and metabolite profiling of manuka honey (Leptospermum scoparium L.) after in vitro simulated digestion 020928
- Asafoetida and bacteria 006980
- Assessment of the bacterial contamination of hand air dryer in washrooms 023164
- Bacterial resistance modifying agents from Lycopus europaeus 019023
- Bioaugmentation process of secondary effluents for reduction of pathogens, heavy metals and antibiotics 023160
- Carum copticum L.: A Herbal Medicine with Various Pharmacological Effects - Antimicrobial effects 027884
- Characterization of ambrette seed oil and its mode of action in bacteria 027878
- Chemical composition and antibacterial activities of Illicium verum against antibiotic-resistant pathogens 021098
- Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of propolis collected by three different races of honeybees in the same region 020527
- Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Polish herbhoneys 023169
- Chemical Composition and In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Mint against Common Food-Borne Pathogenic Bacteria 023167
- Chemical constituents from the rhizomes of Smilax glabra and their antimicrobial activity. 027420
- Chicory and antibiotics 005293
- Comparing the Antibacterial and Functional Properties of Cameroonian and Manuka Honeys for Potential Wound Healing-Have We Come Full Cycle in Dealing with Antibiotic Resistance? 020933
- Determination of the total phenolic and anthocyanin contents and antimicrobial activity of Viburnum opulus fruit juice 020842
- Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Prunella vulgaris L. (Lamiaceae) -- Heal-All, Self-Heal 018270
- Dr Duke's list of Plants with AntiMRSA activity 018379
- Dr Duke's list of Plants with Antistaphylococcic Activity 018276
- Dr Duke's list of Plants with Antistaphylococcic Activity of high potency 018275
- Dr Duke’s list of Antibacterial Activities in: Ailanthus altissima -- Stinktree, Tree Of Heaven 018310
- Evaluation of Abelmoschus moschatus extracts for antioxidant, free radical scavenging, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities using in vitro assays 027874
- Fighting disease with fruit and vegetables 026788
- Gentian Violet: A 19th Century Drug Re-Emerges in the 21st Century 026150
- In vitro antimicrobial activity of Luffa operculata 019900
- In vitro anti‑proliferative, anti‑bacterial potential and induction of DNA strand break of partially purified Cuscuta reflexa Roxb 027897
- Inhibitory effect of commercial green tea and rosemary leaf powders on the growth of foodborne pathogens in laboratory media and oriental-style rice cakes 023166
- Lycopus europaeus: phenolic fingerprint, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial effect on clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains 019020
- Metagenomic testing as a means of identifing the pathogens causing pneumonia 026759
- Metagenomic testing as a means of identifying the pathogens causing Dermatitis [and other skin diseases] 026771
- Metagenomic testing as a means of identifying the pathogens causing IBS and diarrhoea 026758
- Metagenomic testing as a means of identifying the pathogens causing Psoriasis 026772
- New coumarin derivatives from Ferula pseudalliacea with antibacterial activity 023170
- Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Studies of Four Species of Cola Schott & Endl. (Sterculiaceae) 027688
- Phytochemical screening, antioxidants and antimicrobial potential of Lantana camara in different solvents 023033
- Plants used to treat skin diseases 027515
- Preliminary investigation on the phytochemistry and antimicrobial activity of Senna alata L. flower 021421
- Propolis C Albicans, MRSA and E Coli 005340
- Report - Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric characterization of Curcuma longa: Protection against pathogenic microbes and lipid peroxidation in rat's tissue homogenate 021497
- Rowanberries and bacteria 007152
- Screening of some plants used in the Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases 019953
- Seasonal variations of phenolic compounds and biological properties in sage (Salvia officinalis L.) 023168
- Spices herbs and bacteria 005424
- Stephen Harrod Buhner - Herbal Antivirals - Ginger 017501
- Summary of Antipathogenic Activities in: Phellodendron amurense -- Amur Cork Tree, Huang Bai, Huang Po, Po Mu 018332
- Summary of Dr Duke’s analysis showing the Antipathogenic Activities in: Azadirachta indica -- Neem 018320
- Tea tree oil and antimicrobial action 010320
- The antimicrobial activity of Liquidambar orientalis mill. against food pathogens and antioxidant capacity of leaf extracts. 020254
- THE COMPARING OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CSN1S2 PROTEIN OF FRESH MILK AND YOGHURT GOAT BREED ETHAWAH INHIBITED THE PATHOGENIC BACTERIA 023161
- The Healing Power of Sleep 026790
- Total phenolic and flavonoid contents, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., Alnus incana (L.) Moench and Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC. extracts 021042
- Treatment for diabetic ulcer wounds using a fern tannin optimized hydrogel formulation with antibacterial and antioxidative properties 022700
- Treatment of refractory cases of atopic dermatitis with acidic hot-spring bathing 023832
- Wound healing activity of ent-kaura-9(11),16-dien-19-oic acid isolated from Wedelia trilobata (L.) leaves 019419