Antimicrobial Activities of Some Plants from the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey
Type of Spiritual Experience
Rumex crispus, the curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia
Ajuga chamaepitys is a species of flowering plant of the family Lamiaceae. Popularly known as yellow bugle or ground-pine, the plant has many of the same characteristics and properties as Ajuga reptans [bugleweed, carpetweed, carpet bugleweed, and common bugle]. A. chamaepitys can be found in Europe, the Eastern part of the Mediterranean, and North Africa
Lycopus europaeus, common names gypsywort, gipsywort, bugleweed, European bugleweed and water horehound, is a perennial plant in the genus Lycopus, native to Europe and Asia, and naturalized elsewhere
Micrococcus luteus is a Gram-positive, to Gram-variable, nonmotile, coccus, tetrad-arranging, pigmented, saprotrophic bacterium that belongs to the family Micrococcaceae. It is urease and catalase positive. An obligate aerobe, M. luteus is found in soil, dust, water and air, and as part of the normal flora of the mammalian skin. The bacterium also colonizes the human mouth, mucosae, oropharynx and upper respiratory tract. It is generally considered a non-pathogenic microorganism.
Mycobacterium smegmatis is an acid-fast bacterial species in the phylum Actinobacteria and the genus Mycobacterium. It is 3.0 to 5.0 µm long with a bacillus shape . It was first reported in November 1884 by Lustgarten, who found a bacillus with the staining appearance of tubercle bacilli in syphilitic chancres. Subsequent to this, Alvarez and Tavel found organisms similar to that described by Lustgarten also in normal genital secretions (smegma). This organism was later named M. smegmatis. M. smegmatis is generally considered a non-pathogenic microorganism.
Bacillus subtilis, known also as the hay bacillus or grass bacillus, is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium, found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants and humans. B. subtilis is a normal gut commensal in humans. It is generally considered a non-pathogenic microorganism.
Note that the implications are that the plants are indiscriminate in their action and may kill good as well as bad bacteria!
A description of the experience
Pharm Biol. 2005;43(4):334-339. doi: 10.1080/13880200590951757.
Antimicrobial Activities of Some Plants from the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey.
Ulukanli Z1, Ulukanli S2, Ozbay H1, Ilcim A3, Tuzcu M4.
Crude extracts obtained from the roots and aerial parts of
- Rumex crispus.L. and
- Acinos rotundifolius.Pers. and the whole plants of
- Ajuga chamaepitys. L. and of
- Lycopus europaeus. L.
were evaluated for in vitro. antimicrobial activity against five Gram-positive bacteria including
- Staphylococcus aureus.,
- Micrococcus luteus,
- Mycobacterium smegmatis,
- Bacillus subtilis,
- Bacillus subtilis. var. niger.,
and three Gram-negative bacteria including
- Aeromonas hydrophila,
- Klebsiella pneumoniae,
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa.,
and the yeast Candida albicans.
The inhibition zone diameter was determined for each extract using the agar well diffusion method at a concentration of 12.5 mg/ml. The acetone extracts of the roots of R. crispus. and A. rotundifolius. demonstrated significant inhibitory effects against most microorganisms under test.
Agar well diffusion method; Lamiaceae; Polygonaceae; antimicrobial activity; plant extracts
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection