Joan of Arc - W.Y. Evans-Wentz - The trial of Joan of Arc
Type of Spiritual Experience
Inter composer communication
A description of the experience
from The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries, by W.Y. Evans-Wentz, 
In conformity with this psychical or animistic view of witchcraft, in the Capital Code of Connecticut (A. D. 1642) a witch is defined as one who 'hath or consorteth with a familiar spirit'. European codes, as illustrated by the sixth chapter of Lord Coke's Third Institute, have parallels to this definition:--'A witch is a person which hath conference with the devil; to consult with him to do some act.''
And upon these theories, not upon the broomstick and black-cat conception, were based the trials for witchcraft during the seventeenth century.
In mediaeval Europe the great difficulty always was, as is shown in the trials of Jeanne d'Arc, to decide whether the invisible agent in magical processes, such as was imputed to the accused, was an angel or a demon. If an angel, then the accused was a saint, and might become a candidate for canonization; but if a demon, the accused was a witch, and liable to a death-sentence.
….One of the first questions asked by Jeanne's inquisitors was 'if she had any knowledge of those who went to the Sabbath with the fairies? or if she had not assisted at the assemblies held at the fountain of the fairies, near Domremy, around which dance malignant spirits?'
And another question exactly as recorded was this:--'Interroguée s'elle croiet point au devant de aujourduy, que les fées feussent maulvais esperis: respond qu'elle n'en sçavoit rien.'
The wisest old doctors of the University of Paris, who sat in judgement (or were consulted) in one of Jeanne's trials, could not fully decide this knotty problem, nor, apparently, the learned churchmen who also tried her; but evidently they all agreed that it was better to waive the question.
And, finally, an innocent peasant girl who had heard Divine Voices, and who had thereby miraculously saved her king and her country, was burned at the stake, under the joint direction of English civil and ecclesiastical authorities, and ...with the full approval of the corresponding French authorities, at Rouen, France, May 30, A. D. 1431.
In April, A. D. 1909, almost five centuries afterwards, it has been decided with tardy justice that Jeanne's Voices were those of angels and not of demons, and she has been made a saint.
The source of the experienceJoan of Arc
Concepts, symbols and science items
ConceptsCommunication with a Spirit helper
Communication with bodied souls
Communication with disembodied souls
Demons - types of demon
Activities and commonsteps
SuppressionsBeing left handed