Common steps and sub-activities

Dowsing using pendulums

Although Dowsing using rods, twigs and so on works at a basic level, to get real refinement into the process, it is better to use a pendulum.  T C Lethbridge was the pioneer of this approach and refined the process considerably via trial and error and continuous experimentation.

Using a pendulum he was able to identify not only that a substance underground was there, but could search for specific substances, such as metals or minerals, as they each had different ‘frequencies’ according to the length of the pendulum string.  Thus if one set the string length to 32” for example, one could find iron.  Rather more controversially, he was also able to determine the age and sex of things by asking the pendulum questions and noting the number of circles it made.

Make your pendulum

Here is how he set up a pendulum.

ESP Beyond Time and Distance – T C Lethbridge

A divining-rod, it is in reality a fork held in both hands with the point away from the body, is probably the best instrument to use when looking for water and can be made more refined in various ways.

It is, however, hardly possible to use it as an instrument of precision.

For real study a pendulum is far easier to observe. It seems of little importance what the weight of the pendulum is made of. I have in fact heard it said that a lump of chewing-gum works perfectly well. Personally I use a small ball of hazel-wood, cut from the end of a walking-stick, about an inch in diameter. This has 2 yards of cotton pegged into it with a match stick. The end of the cotton is wound round a 3-inch wooden rod, which can be rotated between the forefinger and thumb of the right hand and acts as a tiny windlass.

There are far more elaborate types of pendulum on sale and advertised in the various papers devoted to psychic subjects. Some have cavities in them to include specimens of the objects sought for, magnets and so on.

I have as yet found no need for any of these trimmings. My rough hazel ball has so far told me all I want to know. I have made at least two dozen of them for friends and so far everybody has been able to get some results from them.  But perhaps it should be noted that young people are often better at dowsing than their elders. They either have more current to spare, or are less constricted by their thoughts.

The method of using the pendulum is to swing it very gently backwards and forwards from the windlass held in the right hand. If a short length of some 3 inches of cotton is used, it will indicate some kind of attraction, or repulsion, between two objects. Or it will show the same thing between the dowser and a single object. Attraction is indicated by the continuance, or increase, of the back and forth movement, oscillation.

Repulsion is shown by a deviation from the direct path of the swing and, in my case, by a complete circular movement, a gyration. This 'short pendulum' as I call it, is used by practitioners to tell what pills, food, or drinks are good for people.

In practice it seems to tell the truth. For instance, on preparing a lobster for table, I removed what I believed to be the poisonous parts, the brain and digestive tract. The pendulum went into a gyration for these portions and maintained its oscillation for the rest of the meat. Frenchmen are, it seems, often to be seen testing their meals with a pendulum in a restaurant. Ridiculous as this proceeding appears, yet it seems to work.


 The next step is to calibrate it to you.  In other words, using actual substances, find the lengths where resonance exists:

ESP Beyond Time and Distance – T C Lethbridge

If you use the long Pendulum, you can apparently find the wave-length of anything.

You may have to calibrate your own machine, that is to tune it in for your personal voltage; but once this is done the result appear to be infallible. The method is to find the rate, that is the length of cord on the pendulum, which is that of the particular substance you are testing. To find this you hold the pendulum over a sample of this substance, keeping the ball swinging gently backwards and forwards and unrolling the cord.

At a given point the pendulum will go into a circular motion. This is the rate for that substance and will be constant for you and your pendulum. The rate is the length of cord between the top of the ball and the bottom of the windlass. If the substance is a metal it will respond to only one rate on the pendulum; but if it is a compound there will be a rate for each element in its composition.


As one can see from the description above, the lengths of the pendulum will be particular to a person.  Lethbridge provides a table to show the sorts of figures to expect.  This is shown below

Remember that these rates are not constant for everyone.  As Lethbridge says, however, since the rates correspond to the radii of the bases of the biconical fields about objects, it seems probable that if there is a slight divergence, it can be easily corrected by calibration.

Chalk appears to be able to absorb the rays of substances in contact with it and thus has a disruptive effect on the table numbers.  Lethbridge postulated that this was why stone circles, henges etc were built on chalk land - so that the rays could be concentrated at certain points by specific siting, use of channels and water, also a form of disrupter, concentrator etc.

The second table he gives is perhaps a bit more controversial, but it has been proved.  The pendulum can tell you whether something is alive or dead, male or female


 Using the Pendulum

Here is how Lethbridge used the pendulum.

ESP Beyond Time and Distance – T C Lethbridge

It is most interesting to find that the pendulum can be used to locate concealed objects of great variety. If you wish to search for something, which you think may be buried in a given piece of ground, the procedure is as follows:

Tune the pendulum in to the rate of the substance you wish to find and go to the area you wish to search. Set the pendulum swinging at the correct rate from the windlass held between the right thumb and forefinger. Extend the arm and forefinger of the left hand and sweep it slowly backwards and forward pointing at the surface of the ground. You stand up and do not move from your position. If the substance you are looking for is indeed beneath the ground, at a certain point the oscillation of the pendulum will begin to change to a circular gyration.

You are then in line with the buried object.

Mark this line with sticks, then move to a point somewhere nearly at right-angles and then repeat the process. When a second gyration begins, and you have marked this new line on the ground, you will find that the object is hidden near the point of intersection.

It is possible to pin-point the object very exactly. To do this, approach the point of intersection with the pendulum swinging. At each point where the oscillation changes to a gyration, put in a peg. It does not take long to plot a circle on the ground. The hidden object will be directly under the centre of this circle. In practice the object can be located within a couple of inches.

Nothing appears to be too small to affect the pendulum, although it may be too small to be easily seen with the eye. We have located several tiny brass pins, shoe-lace tags and beads of cobalt blue glass at a depth of 9 inches beneath undisturbed turf.




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