Suppression

Pistachio nuts

Category: Food

Type

Voluntary

Introduction and description

 

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The pistachio, (Persian: پسته‎‎; Pistacia vera) a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.

Pistachio trees can be found in regions of Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Xinjiang (China), Tunisia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, India, Egypt, Italy (Sicily), Uzbekistan, Afghanistan (especially in the provinces of Samangan and Badghis), and the United States, specifically in California.

 It is indigenous to the eastern Mediterranean (Cyprus and Turkey to Israel and Syria), Central Asia (Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) and Xinjiang. The tree produces seeds that are widely consumed as food - nuts.

The nuts are both medicinal and nutritious but can be used extensively in cooking.  They have been used to make pistachio ice-cream, but one of the simplest uses is in a type of Persian rice that goes with barbecued lamb, in which currants and pistachios are added to buttered rice.

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