Suppression

Cranberries

Category: Food

Type

Voluntary

Introduction and description

 

Vaccinium macrocarpon - Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium.  They can be found in acidic bogs throughout the cooler regions of the northern hemisphere. They are very pretty plants with dark pink flowers which are very attractive to bees.

And of course the fruit is edible – a berry that is larger than the leaves of the plant; it is initially white, but turns a deep red when fully ripe.

Cranberries are a major commercial crop in certain American states and Canadian provinces. Most cranberries are processed into products such as juice, sauce, jam, and sweetened dried cranberries, with the remainder sold fresh to consumers.

Cranberry sauce is regarded as an indispensable part of traditional American and Canadian Thanksgiving menus and some European winter festivals” - like Christmas!

And they have healing properties.

The Cranberry harvest on the island of Nantucket

Medicinal uses

The observations below provide a host of different health related benefits that have been found for eating cranberries and drinking [unadulterated pure] cranberry juice.  This paper explains some of the reasons why they are of special interest

Recent observational and clinical studies have raised interest in the potential health effects of cranberry consumption, an association that appears to be due to the phytochemical content of this fruit.

The profile of cranberry bioactives is distinct from that of other berry fruit, being rich in A-type proanthocyanidins (PACs) in contrast to the B-type PACs present in most other fruit.

Basic research has suggested a number of potential mechanisms of action of cranberry bioactives, although further molecular studies are necessary. Human studies on the health effects of cranberry products have focused principally on urinary tract and cardiovascular health, with some attention also directed to oral health and gastrointestinal epithelia.

Evidence suggesting that cranberries may decrease the recurrence of urinary tract infections is important because a nutritional approach to this condition could lower the use of antibiotic treatment and the consequent development of resistance to these drugs.

There is encouraging ....evidence of a cardioprotective effect of cranberries mediated via actions on antioxidant capacity and lipoprotein profiles.

The mixed outcomes from clinical studies with cranberry products could result from interventions testing a variety of products, often uncharacterized in their composition of bioactives, [ie not pure or unadulterated]  ....

Daily consumption of a variety of fruit is necessary to achieve a healthy dietary pattern, meet recommendations for micronutrient intake, and promote the intake of a diversity of phytochemicals. Berry fruit, including cranberries, represent a rich source of phenolic bioactives that may contribute to human health. PMID:  24228191

Method

 
 
 

We have not provided any recipes for this entry, because the Internet is awash with good recipes for a trillion and one ways to use cranberries.

You can eat them raw with lots of honey and cream, but they are also nice pureed and poured over ice cream or used to flavour stews with gamey meats such as venison.

Cranberry sauce is really cranberry jam and goes with anything - ham, pork, chicken....

Nutrients

USDA Nutrients database:  Full Report (All Nutrients):  09078, Cranberries, raw

Scientific Name:  Vaccinium macrocarpon


Nutrient

unit

Value per 100g

Water 1 2

g

87.32

Energy

kcal

46

Energy

kJ

191

Protein 1 2

g

0.46

Total lipid (fat) 1

g

0.13

Ash 1 2

g

0.12

Carbohydrate, by difference

g

11.97

Fiber, total dietary 1 2

g

3.6

Sugars, total 1 2

g

4.27

Sucrose 1 2

g

0.16

Glucose (dextrose) 1 2

g

3.44

Fructose 1 2

g

0.67

Lactose 1 2

g

0.00

Maltose 1 2

g

0.00

Galactose 1 2

g

0.00

Starch 1

g

0.00

MINERALS

 

 

Calcium, Ca 1 2

mg

8

Iron, Fe 1 2

mg

0.23

Magnesium, Mg 1 2

mg

6

Phosphorus, P 1 2

mg

11

Potassium, K 1 2

mg

80

Sodium, Na 1 2

mg

2

Zinc, Zn 1 2

mg

0.09

Copper, Cu 1 2

mg

0.056

Manganese, Mn 1 2

mg

0.267

Selenium, Se 1

µg

0.1

VITAMINS

 

 

Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 2

mg

14.0

Thiamin 1

mg

0.012

Riboflavin 1

mg

0.020

Niacin 1

mg

0.101

Pantothenic acid 1

mg

0.295

Vitamin B-6 1

mg

0.057

Folate, total 1

µg

1

Folic acid

µg

0

Folate, food

µg

1

Folate, DFE

µg

1

Choline, total 1

mg

5.5

Betaine 1

mg

0.2

Vitamin B-12

µg

0.00

Vitamin B-12, added

µg

0.00

Vitamin A, RAE

µg

3

Retinol

µg

0

Carotene, beta 1 2

µg

38

Carotene, alpha 1

µg

0

Cryptoxanthin, beta 1

µg

0

Vitamin A, IU

IU

63

Lycopene 1

µg

0

Lutein + zeaxanthin 1

µg

91

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1 2

mg

1.32

Vitamin E, added

mg

0.00

Tocopherol, beta 1

mg

0.00

Tocopherol, gamma 1

mg

0.04

Tocopherol, delta 1

mg

0.00

Vitamin D (D2 + D3)

µg

0.0

Vitamin D

IU

0

Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1 2

µg

5.0

FATTY ACIDS

 

 

Fatty acids, total saturated 2

g

0.008

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated 2

g

0.018

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated 2

g

0.055

Fatty acids, total trans 2

g

0.000

AMINO ACIDS

 

 

Tryptophan 1

g

0.003

Threonine 1

g

0.028

Isoleucine 1

g

0.033

Leucine 1

g

0.053

Lysine 1

g

0.039

Methionine 1

g

0.003

Cystine 1

g

0.003

Phenylalanine 1

g

0.036

Tyrosine 1

g

0.032

Valine 1

g

0.045

Arginine 1

g

0.056

Histidine 1

g

0.018

Alanine 1

g

0.049

Aspartic acid 1

g

0.188

Glutamic acid 1

g

0.146

Glycine 1

g

0.048

Proline 1

g

0.031

Serine 1

g

0.051

 

1Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5b , 2000  Beltsville MD  
2Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc. Nutrient composition of Ocean Spray products , 2015    

 

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