Suppression

Caraway

Category: Food

Type

Voluntary

Introduction and description

Caraway (Carum carvi), also known as meridian fennel, or Persian cumin, "Shahi Jeera" is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa.

The plant is similar in appearance to other members of the carrot family, with finely divided, feathery leaves. Caraway fruits (erroneously called seeds) are crescent-shaped and around 2 mm long, with five pale ridges.

Caraway has a long tradition of medical uses, primarily for stomach complaints. Emerging and ongoing research from Arabic regional studies suggest its use 'as an endocrine function support agent, specifically related to thyroid disorders and auto immune diseases'.

Nutrients

The table shows some of the mineral and vitamin content of caraway.  It appears to be a particulalry good source of potassium.   

Source: US National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference
Release 26   Software v.1.3.1 Nutrient values and weights are for edible portion

Nutrient

Unit


Value per 100 g

Proximates

Water

g

9.87

Energy

kcal

333

Protein

g

19.77

Total lipid (fat)

g

14.59

Carbohydrate, by difference

g

49.90

Fiber, total dietary

g

38.0

Sugars, total

g

0.64

Minerals

Calcium, Ca

mg

689

Iron, Fe

mg

16.23

Magnesium, Mg

mg

258

Phosphorus, P

mg

568

Potassium, K

mg

1351

Sodium, Na

mg

17

Zinc, Zn

mg

5.50

Vitamins

Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid

mg

21.0

Thiamin

mg

0.383

Riboflavin

mg

0.379

Niacin

mg

3.606

Vitamin B-6

mg

0.360

Folate, DFE

µg

10

Vitamin B-12

µg

0.00

Vitamin A, RAE

µg

18

Vitamin A, IU

IU

363

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

mg

2.50

Vitamin D (D2 + D3)

µg

0.0

Vitamin D

IU

0

Vitamin K (phylloquinone)

µg

0.0

Lipids

Fatty acids, total saturated

g

0.620

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

g

7.125

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

g

3.272

Cholesterol

mg

0

 

 

Method

Caraway is a very versatile spice. The fruits, usually used whole, have a pungent, anise-like flavor and aroma that comes from essential oils. They are used as a spice in breads, especially rye bread, but can also be used in desserts, cakes, liquors, casseroles, curries and other Indian dishes. Caraway is extensively used in Indian Cuisine and can be used in rice dishes like Pulaos and Biryani. It is also added to sauerkraut.

My Aunty Lorna used to make delicious 'seedy cake' as she called it, caraway seed cake. In Serbia, it is commonly sprinkled over home-made salty scones (pogačice s kimom).

It is also used to add flavor to cheeses such as bondost, pultost and havarti. Akvavit and several liqueurs are made with caraway. In Middle Eastern cuisine, caraway pudding is a popular dessert during Ramadan.

How it works

see observations

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