Ocimum gratissimum (Agbo, Tchayo, Efinrin, Daidoya, Nchuawu, Ntonng, Fobazen, Kunudiri, Yerba di holé, Alumokh)

Category: Medicines - plant based



Introduction and description


Ocimum gratissimum, is a species of Ocimum  native to Africa, Madagascar, southern Asia, and the Bismarck Archipelago, and naturalized in Polynesia, Hawaii, Mexico, Panama, West Indies, Brazil, and Bolivia.  It is also known as clove basil, African basil, and in Hawaii as wild basil.   Other names include

  • Tchayo in Fon [Benin]
  • Efinrin in Yoruba
  • Daidoya in Hausa
  • Nchuawu in Igbo
  • Ntonng in Ibibio
  • Fobazen in haiti
  • Kunudiri in Okrika
  • Yerba di holé in Papiamento
  • Alumokho in Esan language | Esan

Medicinal uses

Dr Duke’s analysis is shown below along with other research.  In addition, the essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum contains eugenol and shows some evidence of antibacterial activity.  A polyherbal preparation of a water extract obtained from the leaves of Gongronema latifolia, Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum has shown analgesic activity. The essential oil is toxic to Leishmania.

References and further reading

  • Effects of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf., Lippia sidoides Cham., and Ocimum gratissimum L. on growth and ultrastructure of Leishmania chagasi promastigotes Oliveira V.C.S., Moura D.M.S., Lopes J.A.D., De Andrade P.P., Da Silva N.H., Figueiredo R.C.B.Q. Parasitology Research 2009 104:5 (1053-1059)
  • Analgesic properties of an indigenous polyherbal preparation Iroanya O.O., Okpuzor J.E., Mbagwu H., Ojobo P.D. The FASEB Journal 2009 23:S1
  • Nutritional and antimicrobial properties of Ocimum gratissimum leaves Oboh F.O.J., Madsodje H.I., Enabulele S.A. Journal of Biological Sciences 2009 9:4 (377-380)

Related observations