Observations placeholder

Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice

Identifier

021374

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

Mange is a class of skin diseases caused by parasitic mites. Since mites also infect plants, birds, and reptiles, the term "mange", suggesting poor condition of the hairy coat due to the infection, is sometimes reserved only for pathological mite-infestation of nonhuman mammals. Thus, mange includes mite-associated skin disease in domestic animals (cats and dogs), in livestock (such as sheep scab), and in wild animals (for example, coyotes, cougars, and bears). Since mites belong to the arachnid subclass Acari (also called Acarina), another term for mite infestation is acariasis.

Parasitic mites that cause mange in mammals embed themselves either in skin or hair follicles in the animal, depending upon their genus. Sarcoptes spp. burrow into skin, while Demodex spp. live in follicles.

In humans, these two types of mite infections, which would otherwise be known as "mange" in furry mammals, are instead known respectively as scabies and demodicosis.

A description of the experience

Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

Herb

Indication

Preparation and Application

Active Ingredient

Precaution

Sabila (Aloe barbadensis)*

 

Wounds, burns, abrasions, skin irritation

J/ S: Strip off outer skin and apply mesophyll on affected areas

Acemannan, allantoin, aloeemodin-anthran-C-glycoside, emonin, allantoin

Toxic when ingested (due to anthracoid present in the latex skin); not to be used in pregnant or lactating animals

Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)

Wounds, abscess, cuts 

J/ S: Bruise the roots and immediately apply topically; or Pt/ Fo: leaves, overnight  

Allantoin, tannin, mucous substances 

Toxic when ingested (due to pyrrolizidin alkaloids and consolicine present)

Talong (Solanum melongena)

Wound, dermatophytes

J/ S: leaves, bid x7d

Alkaloid, tannin

Slight toxicity noted when ingested

Bayabas (Psidium guajava)*

Wounds

De/ S: leaves, and irrigate affected area tid x 3d

Tannin, saponin, volatile oil, fixed oil

 

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)*

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surgical wound (from castration, i.e.)

Localized Mange (S, D)

 

 

Tick infestation

 

 

Pt/ S: leaves mixed w/ paminta, betel nut and lime;

T/ S: 75 g tobacco dust + 1 li H2O, filter in gauze, + 20 ml 70% isopropyl alcohol, apply bid x 3d; if moderate infestation, apply od x 7d more;

Pw, I/ S: 75 gm leaves, soak in 1 li H2O (3d), filter, apply on infected areas, dip paws for 30 min and rinse off with tap water.

Nicotine

 

 

 





Nicotine (causes paralysis then death of the parasite)

Toxic when ingested 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aroma (Acacia farnesiana)

Skin disease 

Pt/ C: Use fresh leaves as rubbing agent

 

 

Atchuete (Bixa orellana)

Canine pyoderma, infected wounds

I/ S: Atchuete dye mixed with lime 

Maslinic Acid (aka crataegolic acid) 

Toxic when ingested

Tanglad (Cymbopogon citratus

Tick infestation, Dermatophytes 

J/ S: leaves; or
T/ S: leaves in ethanol at 1:3 (v/v) dilution

Citral (an aldehyde in essential oil) 

 

Kakawate (Gliricidia sepium)*

Tick and flea infestation, Mange (S), Dermatophytes 

De/ S: 500 gm leaves and young stalks in 1 li H2O apply within 24 hrs, weekly x 6 wks 

Coumarin, tannin, anthraquinone, sulfur 

 

Manga (Mangifera indica

Mange (S) 

/S: Mix the gum resin with oil and apply topically 

Saponin, tannin, peroxidase, sulfur

 

Talisay (Terminalia catappa

Mange (S)

J/ S: young leaves mixed with oil

Tannin, saponin, calcium oxalate, glycosieds 

Toxic when ingested (due to punicalagin, a hydrolysable tannin, present) 

Elefante (Heliotropium indicum),
Atis (Anona squamosa)

Mange (S) 

De/ S: leaves 

Alkaloid

Alkaloid, tannin

Toxic when ingested

Kuchai (Allium tuberosum

Mange (S), Dermatophytes 

De/ S: 500 gm leaves in 1 li H2O + 0.5 gm agar; after cooling, + 500 ml cooking oil, shake vigorously and apply to skin weekly x 3wks 

Alliin, beta carotene

 

Makabuhay (Tinospora crispa, T. rumphii)

Mange (S)

J/ S: vine, may + pounded coconut palm leaves, use as rubbing agent to affected areas

Berberine

 

Akapulko (Cassia alata)*

Ear mites, Psoroptes cuniculi, eczema
Mange (D)

De/ S: leaves, apply to the ears weekly x 4wks;
Pt/ S: leaves

Alkaloids, tannin, saponin, glycoside, calcium oxalate 

Slightly toxic when ingested

Niyog (Cocos nucifera)* 

Dermatophytes

/S: Oil

 

 

Gatas-gatasan (Euphorbia hirta

Dermatophytes (Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T. simii

De/ S: leaves 

Alkaloids, tannin, sulfur, amygdalin 

Ingenol ester (present in the latex) causes skin irritation & has tumor-promoting activity 


*Used by clients of the VTH, CVM, UPLB

The source of the experience

Healer other

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Commonsteps

References