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Research progress of phytoestrogens-like chemical constituents in natural medicines



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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2014 Dec;39(23):4526-31.

[Research progress of phytoestrogens-like chemical constituents in natural medicines].

[Article in Chinese]

Yuan TT, Zhang ND, He YJ, Li M, Xu HT, Zhang QY.


Phytoestrogens, which can bind with estrogen receptor and produce estrogen-like effects, are a kind of nonsteroidal compound in plant.

Phytoestrogens chemically include isoflavones, coumarins, lignans and other compounds.

Phytoestrogens are selective estrogen receptor modulator, and have therapeutical effects on breast cancer, prostate cancer, cardiovascular disease, menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis and other disease, however, do not produce stimulatory hyperplasia effects on uterus, mammary glands and other tissues and organs with positive estrogen receptor.

Long-term exposure or excessive use of phytoestrogens maybe affects male reproductive system and hematopoietic function of fetus.

Some questions need to be further studied, such as evaluation criteria on biological activity, adverse effects, and action mechanism of phytoestrogen. This review covers plant sources, chemical structure, pharmacological activity and safety of phytoestrogens.

It will provide a useful reference for intensive research and rational utilization the phytoestrogens.

PMID:  25911795

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