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Monoterpenes released from fruit, plant, and vegetable systems



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Sensors (Basel). 2014 Sep 29;14(10):18286-301. doi: 10.3390/s141018286.

Monoterpenes released from fruit, plant, and vegetable systems.

Iqbal MA1, Kim KH2, Ahn JH3.

To quantify the emission rate of monoterpenes (MTs) from diverse natural sources, the sorbent tube (ST)-thermal desorption (TD) method was employed to conduct the collection and subsequent detection of MTs by gas chromatography.

The calibration of MTs, when made by both mass spectrometric (MS) and flame ionization detector (FID), consistently exhibited high coefficient of determination values (R2 > 0.99).

This approach was employed to measure their emission rate from different fruit/plant/vegetable (F/P/V) samples with the aid of an impinger-based dynamic headspace sampling system.

The results obtained from 10 samples  - consisting of

  • carrot,
  • pine needle (P. sylvestris),
  • tangerine, tangerine peel,
  • strawberry, sepals of strawberry,
  • plum,
  • apple, apple peel,
  • and orange juice)

marked α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, α-terpinene, R-limonene, γ-terpinene, and p-cymene as the most common MTs.

R-limonene was the major species emitted from citrus fruits and beverages with its abundance exceeding 90%.

In contrast, α-pinene was the most abundant MT (37%) for carrot, while it was myrcene (31%) for pine needle.

The overall results for F/P/V samples confirmed α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, α-terpinene, and γ-terpinene as common MTs. Nonetheless, the types and magnitude of MTs released from fruits were distinguished from those of vegetables and plants.

PMID:  25268921

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