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Medicinal plants used for musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra and their pharmacological validation



Type of Spiritual Experience


Symphytum tuberosum - Symphytum tuberosum, the tuberous comfrey or in Gaelic meacan dubh cnapach, is a species of Symphytum in the Boraginaceae family.

Hypericum perforatum, known as Perforate St John's-wort Common Saint John's wort and St John's wort

A description of the experience

J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Apr 9. pii: S0378-8741(15)00237-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.078. [Epub ahead of print] Medicinal plants used for musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra and their pharmacological validation.  Cavero RY1, Calvo MI2.

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:  This paper provides important ethnopharmacological information on plants used in musculoskeletal disorders in Navarra.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:  Information was collected using semi-structured ethnobotanical interviews. In order to confirm the pharmacological validation of the uses, monographs from Official International Agencies (ESCOP, Commission E, WHO and EMA) were reviewed. A literature review was conducted focusing on the plants that were widely used but had no published monograph.

RESULTS:  A total of 199 pharmaceutical uses were reported, for 38 plants and 24 families, mainly represented by Asteraceae and Lamiaceae (11%, each), Rosaceae (8%) and Boraginaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Equisetaceae, Malvaceae, Oleaceae and Urticaceae (5%, each). The most frequently used parts were the aerial parts, roots, followed by inflorescences and leaves. Nine out of 38 plants (24%) and 123 uses (62%), had already been pharmacologically validated.

CONCLUSIONS:  The authors propose to validate four species for their use in musculoskeletal disorders: Verbena officinalis, Symphytum tuberosum, Hypericum perforatum and Equisetum ssp.

Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

KEYWORDS:  Ethnopharmacology; Musculoskeletal; Navarra; Traditional knowledge; Validation

PMID:  25862964

The source of the experience


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