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Transcranial direct current stimulation

Category: Actions



Introduction and description

Transcranial direct current stimulation is the use of an electric current to stimulate various organs  -  principally in the brain, but it can be anywhere on the body.  It is based on medical research that goes back thousands of years in which it was noticed that low intensity electrical stimulation of the body as a whole promoted healing.


The use of low intensity electrical stimulation of various parts of the body, with the objective of stimulating healing  has been in use for at least 2000 years, as shown by the clinical literature of the early Roman physician, Scribonius Largus, who wrote in the Compositiones Medicae of 46 AD that his patients should stand on a live black torpedo fish for the relief of a variety of medical conditions, including gout and headaches.  Claudius Galen (131 - 201 AD) also recommended using the shocks from the electrical fish for medical therapies.

Giovanni Aldini, Alessandro Volta and others also experimented with low intensity currents in the 18th century. Aldini experimented on himself using 'galvanic head currents' as early as 1794 and reported the successful treatment of patients suffering from melancholia using direct low-intensity currents in 1804.

Modern research into low intensity electrical stimulation of the brain was begun by Leduc and Rouxeau in France (1902). But some of the most advanced and extensive research into this area was done and is still being done by Russia and the old Soviet Union countries. 

The research scientists in these studies found that direct pulsed currents of a very low intensity worked better and also experimented with numerous frequencies to determine the effects.  They established that high frequency high intensity fields were generally harmful, whereas low frequency low intensity pulsed fields tended to be healing and positive in effect. 

They were able to provide treatments for a huge number of disorders, not just brain disorders, but disorders of other organs.  With the break-up of the Soviet Union the cohesive nature of this research was lost.  The references section provides examples of just some of  a vast number of papers I found on their research.

Although the Eastern Europeans are far in advance of the West in understanding of this area, the actual mechanisms available still seem to come from the west.

The following methods section describes the readily available and more frequently used mechanisms that can be used to stimulate different parts of the brain or body electrically.  Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. 


The following are specific machines that target the brain

  • DBS - Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical treatment involving the implantation of a medical device called a brain pacemaker, which sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. It tends to be used only in the medical context for the simple reason that it is highly intrusive and requires expert medical knowledge.   These machines have had their problems producing “apathy, compulsive gambling, hypersexuality, cognitive dysfunction, depression,  decline in executive function, and problems with word generation, attention and learning”. It has also provoked a suicide attempt. 
  • ECT treatment - a separate section is provided on this on the site.  As this is extremely high intensity, it is essentially dangerous, the FDA's Neurological Devices Advisory Panel in the USA place ECT devices in the Class III device category for' high risk' devices. For more details see also Andre, Linda (2009). Doctors of Deception: What They Don't Want You to Know About Shock Treatment. Rutgers University Press.]
  • CES - In almost direct contrast, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) is a psychiatric treatment that applies a small, pulsed electric current across a patient's head. Low intensity and pulsed

 I think it should be clear that only CES meets the criteria for true TDCS.


How it works

TDCS works via  Stimulation via Resonance

Please go to this section for the full explanation.


  • Potentially useful and healing
  • Effective
  • As long as you only use CES, extremely low intensity current, and the machines are operated by a person who understands what they are doing, potentially safe



  • Some of these devices are currently dangerous as they use high intensity current
  • Even the low intensity ones can be dangerous simply because those who operate them [in the west] are frankly ignorant.

References and further reading

  • Influence of High-frequency Electromagnetic Radiation at Non-thermal Intensities on the Human Body - (A review of work by Russian and Ukrainian researchers) – Nikolai Nikolaevich Kositsky- Informational Support laboratory; Aljona Igorevna Nizhelska - Special Measurements Laboratory;  and Grigory Vasil’evich Ponezha - Quantum Physics Laboratory  all from the Scientific Research Center of Quantum Medicine “Vidhuk”. Commissioned by EMFacts Consultancy, Australia, and Powerwatch, England. Partially funded by the Foundation for Children with Leukaemia.  Translation by Patricia Ormsby

  The following are also summaries of Russian research:

  • Millimeter Waves in Biology and Medicine  - Moscow: ZAO MTA-KVCh, 1996, 39 pp.
  • Millimeter Waves in Biology and Medicine: Second Russian Symposium: Collection of Works. Moscow, 1997.
  • Millimeter Waves in Medicine and Biology: Collection of Scientific Works. N.D. Devyatkov, ed. Moscow: AN SSSR IRE, 1989, 307 pp.
  • Millimeter Waves in Medicine: Collection of Articles, Vol.1

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