Epidermophyton floccosum infection
Category: Illness or disabilities
Introduction and description
Epidermophyton floccosum is a filamentous fungus that causes skin and nail infections in humans. E. floccosum is one of the 2 species in the genus Epidermophyton.
This anthropophilic dermatophyte can lead to diseases such as tinea pedis (athlete's foot), tinea cruris, tinea corporis and onychomycosis. Diagnostic approaches of the fungal infection include physical examination, culture testing, and molecular detection.
During the 20th century, this species was the fourth most common cause of dermatophytosis in North America. This ascomycete has a worldwide distribution but is more commonly isolated from patients in tropical and subtropical areas. The non-soil associated fungus has no specific growth conditions and shows characteristic smooth club-shaped macroconidia under the microscope.