Observations placeholder

Tree, Isabella - Wilding - The healing potential of meadowland



Type of Spiritual Experience


Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases

FUMARIC-ACID - Total Plants: 55

Allium cepa - Shallot; Onion; Bulb            

Allium schoenoprasum - chives ; Leaf    

Angelica archangelica     Plant     

Apium graveolens – celery ; Pt, root        

Arnica montana - Leopard's-Bane; Mountain Tobacco; Rhizome  

Averrhoa carambola - Carambola; Star Fruit

Brassica oleracea var. italica – Brocolli; Plant       

Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. – Kale; Leaf      

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. - Cauliflower; Plant

Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. – Cabbage; Leaf                  

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera – brussel sprouts; Leaf

Capsella bursa-pastoris - Shepherd's Purse; Plant

Carica papaya - Papaya;  Fruit     

Datura stramonium – Jimsonweed;  Plant

Daucus carota - Carrot;  Root     

Duchesnea indica - Indian Strawberry; Mock Strawberry; False Strawberry; Plant

Equisetum arvense – Horsetail;                 Plant


Eschscholzia californica - Californian poppy; Plant            

Ficus carica – Fig;  Fruit and Fruit Juice   

Foeniculum vulgare - Fennel ; Seed and fruit       

Glaucium flavum – Horned poppy;  Plant              

Glycine max – Soybean;  Seed    

Helianthus annuus - Sunflower; Girasol ; Leaf      

Juniperus communis – Juniper;   Fruit and leaf    

Kalanchoe pinnata - air plant; Leaf          

Kalanchoe daegrimontiana - Devil's-Backbone; Plant       

Lycopersicon esculentum – tomato; Fruit             

Malus domestica – apple; Plant 

Medicago sativa - Lucerne; Alfalfa; Plant

Myrrhis odorata - Sweet Cicely; Sweet Chervil; Myrrh; Garden Myrrh; Cicely;  Plant           

Nandina domestica - Nanten (Jap.); Sacred Bamboo; Heavenly Bamboo;  Plant     

Nicotiana tabacum – Tobacco; Leaf         

Panax quinquefolius - Ginseng; American Ginseng ;  Plant             

Panax ginseng - Chinese Ginseng; Oriental Ginseng;  Root


Petroselinum crispum – Parsley; Root

Plantago major - Common Plantain ; Leaf

Prunus cerasus - Sour Cherry ; Fruit

Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken; Bracken Fern;  Leaf

Punica granatum – Pomegranate;  Fruit

Rheum rhabarbarum – Rhubarb; Pt

Salvia officinalis – Sage;  Plant

Schisandra chinensis - Magnolia Vine; Five-Flavor-Fruit; Wu Wei Zi; Wu Wei Zu; Schizandra; Chinese Magnolia Vine; Plant

Silybum marianum - Lady's Thistle; Milk Thistle; Leaf

Solanum tuberosum – Potato; Tuber

Sophora pachycarpa - Siberian Pachycarpa ; Leaf

Tridax procumbens - Mexican daisy; Coatbuttons ; Leaf

Urtica dioica – Nettle; Plant

Vicia faba – Broadbean; Root

Vitis vinifera – Grapevine; Leaf

A description of the experience


It seems that chemically fertilised ryegrass monocultures may contribute to the production of methane in a ruminants’ digestion process – one of the most harmful greenhouse gases behind climate change. 

Methane emissions ARE LOWER IN BIODIVERSE PASTURE [meadow] systems largely because of fumaric acid – a chemical that scientists at the Rowett Institute in Aberdeen identified as leading to faster growth and reducing emissions of methane by 70% when added to the diet of lambs.

 Fumaric acid OCCURS WIDELY IN MANY PLANTS AND HERBS OF THE FIELD AND HEDGEROW, including angelica, common fumitory [Fumaria officinalis], shepherd’s purse and bird’s foot trefoil.

[Lotus corniculatus is a common flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to grasslands in temperate Eurasia and North Africa. Common names include common bird's-foot trefoil, eggs and bacon, birdsfoot deervetch, and just bird's-foot trefoil.]

The source of the experience

Tree, Isabella

Concepts, symbols and science items



Science Items

Activities and commonsteps