Malaria in pregnant women, quinine and artemisia
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
West Afr J Med. 2014 Apr-Jun;33(2):91-9.
Current management and prevention of malaria in pregnancy:a review.
[Article in English, French]
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women suffer more frequent and severe malaria than non-pregnant women. Malaria in pregnancy contributes to the high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in Africa.
OBJECTIVE: To review the burden and highlight the current management and prevention strategies for control of malaria in pregnancy in Africa.
METHODS: Papers for this review were identified by searches of PubMed and Google, and references from relevant articles. Search terms were "malaria", "malaria in pregnancy", "Malaria during pregnancy" and "antimalarial drug". Only papers published in English between 1983 and 2013 were included.
RESULTS: In malarial endemic areas, acquired partial malarial immunity is not effective during pregnancy. Pregnant women are prone to frequent malaria infections which may be severe or asymptomatic but associated with placental parasitization. Malaria contributes
- 2-15% to maternal anaemia,
- 13-70% to intrauterine growth restriction,
- 8-14% to low birth weight,
- 8-36% to prematurity,
- 3-8% to infant deaths and
- 2.9-17.6% to maternal mortality.
The control of malaria in pregnancy is currently predicated on three main strategies:
1) Prompt and effective case management of malaria;
2).Use of Insecticide-treated nets; and
3).Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine.
Artemisinin-based combined therapy is the recommended treatment for uncomplicated malaria in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, while quinine is used in the first trimester and for severe cases of malaria at any gestational age.
CONCLUSION: The control of malaria during pregnancy should be an integral part of efforts to reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in Africa.
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
SuppressionsArtemisia genus (wormwood, mugwort, sagebrush, sagewort)