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Lame Deer - Native American Indians - The Cardinal Directions



Type of Spiritual Experience


A description of the experience

Lame Deer Seeker of Visions – John Lame Deer and Richard Erdoes

Black represents the west; red, the north; yellow, the east; white, the south.
Black is night, darkness, mystery, the sun that has gone down.
Red is the earth, the pipestone, the blood of the people.
Yellow is the sun as it rises in the east to light the world
White is the snow.  White is the glare of the sun in its zenith

Red, white, black, yellow – these are the true colours.  They give us the four directions; you might also say a trail towards our prayers

The source of the experience

Native American Indians

Concepts, symbols and science items


Science Items

Activities and commonsteps