Observations placeholder

GHB withdrawal

Identifier

005134

Type of Spiritual Experience

Vision
Hallucination

Number of hallucinations: 1

Background

from PubMed.  To understand why this observation is here it helps to know GHB is used by doctors in numerous ways.  

  • Insomnia treatment - GHB was widely used in France, Italy, and other European countries for several decades as a sleeping agent
  • Anaesthetic – GHB has been used as an  anaesthetic in childbirth
  • Narcolepsy treatment -  GHB as the sodium salt, known as sodium oxybate, is sold under the name Xyrem and used to treat ‘excessive daytime sleepiness’ in patients with narcolepsy.  
  • Alcoholism treatment - It has also been used to treat alcoholism.

A description of the experience

Two cases of severe gamma-hydroxybutyrate withdrawal delirium on a psychiatric unit: recommendations for management - Rosenberg MH, Deerfield LJ, Baruch EM;  Department of Psychiatry, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA.

Many psychiatric professionals are unfamiliar with gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), an increasingly popular drug of abuse. GHB withdrawal can lead to psychosis and agitation, and patients may present to psychiatric facilities for treatment. Withdrawal may progress to delirium, with the potential for severe or even fatal medical complications. Therefore, it is imperative for psychiatric professionals to understand how to treat these patients. In this article, we describe two cases of severe GHB withdrawal syndrome that were treated in our inpatient psychiatric unit. These are among the most severe cases reported. Pertinent literature is reviewed and suggestions for treatment are discussed.

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Commonsteps

References