Gaudi - Professional work - 03 1 Guell Pavilions
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
The Pavellons Güell, or Güell Pavilions, is a complex of buildings in the neighborhood of Pedralbes, Barcelona, by Gaudí, built between 1884 and 1887.
Güell had an estate in the Les Corts district of the small town of Sarrià (now part of Barcelona), which included two pieces of land known as Can Feliu and Can Cuyàs de la Riera.
The architect Joan Martorell i Montells, one of Gaudí’s teachers, had built a Caribbean-style mansion, which stood almost where the Palau Reial de Pedralbes now stands. This house was called Torre Satalia. In 1884, Gaudí was commissioned to remodel the house and build a perimeter wall with gates.
The remodelling has mostly been lost. However, his most important work here was the monumental gateway with two joint lodges: the porter’s house and the stables.
The most outstanding thing? Undoubtedly, the wrought iron door with a spectacular dragon with its mouth open and the wings of a bat. Formerly, the dragon had glass eyes, was of different colours and had a mechanism which made its wings, legs and mouth move and so made it look fairly real, a feature which was definitely not lost on any passers-by.
The dragon is supposed to represent Ladon, offspring of Typhus, the dragon that guarded the Garden of the Hesperides, which was overcome by Hercules as one of his twelve labours. Over the dragon there is an antimony orange-tree, another allusion to the Hesperides. The shape of the dragon corresponds with the position of the stars in the Serpens constellation, because Ladon was turned into a snake as a punishment for stealing the oranges.
The other three entrances to the estate became obsolete with the construction of the Avinguda Diagonal: one of them still stands outside the cemetery of Les Corts, although its iron grille has been moved to the Gaudí Museum in the Parc Güell; another was restored in 1982 by the University of Barcelona and installed at the Institut de Geologia Francesc Almera; while the third was demolished to make way for the Pharmacy faculty, but rebuilt in 1957 adjacent to this building.
The Pavilions now consist of a stable, longeing ring and gatehouses. The stable is rectangular and roofed with a high Catalan vault adopting a catenary curve; the longeing ring has a square ground-plan, but is surmounted by a hyperboloid dome topped by an ornamental lantern; the gatehouses consist of three small buildings, the central one being polygonal in plan and the others cuboidal. All three are surmounted by ventilators in the form of chimneys, faced with ceramics. All the buildings are built of brick in a range of shades from red to yellow, and covered in coloured glass; in certain sections prefabricated cement blocks are also used.
Gaudí was also partially responsible for the design of the estate’s gardens, where he built two fountains and a pergola, and planted several Mediterranean species of plants: (pines, eucalyptus, palms, cypresses and magnolias). The “Fountain of Hercules” still stands near the Palau Reial de Pedralbes, restored in 1983; it consists of a bust of Hercules surmounting a basin with the coat of arms of Catalonia and with a spout in the shape of a Chinese dragon.
In 1969 the Pavellons Güell were declared a Monument of National Historic and Artistic Interest. They are now used as the headquarters of the Royal Gaudí Chair, which pertains to the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, and the site also includes the Botanic Garden of the Faculty of Biology.
An additional task of the Güell-López's for Comillas was the gazebo for Alfonso XII's visit to the Cantabrian town in 1881. Gaudí designed a small pavilion in the shape of a Hindu turban, covered in mosaics and decorated with an abundance of small bells which jingled constantly. It was subsequently moved into the Güell Pavilions.
The source of the experienceGaudí, Antoni
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
SuppressionsBeauty, art and music
Being left handed
Believing in the spiritual world
Communing with nature