Children given beta blockers for ADHD have nightmares
Type of Spiritual Experience
Methylphenidate is an amphetamine, illegal outside the medical setting - it can cause brain damage.
Pindolol is not indicated for any child.
Except it seems in the Netherlands
A description of the experience
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1996 Jul;37(5):587-95.
Pindolol and methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Clinical efficacy and side-effects.
Buitelaar JK1, van der Gaag RJ, Swaab-Barneveld H, Kuiper M. 1University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and side-effects of pindolol, a beta-blocker, in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Fifty-two ADHD children, 7-13 years old, participated in a prospective double-blind placebo-controlled comparison of pindolol and methylphenidate (MPH).
Active treatment was pindolol and MPH: pindolol 20 mg b.i.d. or MPH 10 mg b.i.d. for 4 weeks. The outcome was assessed on the basis of the Abbreviated Conners Rating Scales (ACRS) completed by parents, teachers, and by a psychologist during psychological testing.
Pindolol treatment was associated with a higher incidence of paraesthesias and with more intense nightmares and hallucinations than MPH or placebo treatment.
These side-effects led to an interim change in design by ending pindolol treatment after 32 participants. Pindolol proved to be just as effective as MPH in decreasing hyperactivity and conduct problems at home, and hyperactivity problems at school. Pindolol, however, had less therapeutic effects than MPH during psychological testing, and failed to affect conduct problems in school. In sum, ....Safety concerns on troubling side-effects clearly limit the use of it.
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
OverloadsAmphetamines and stimulants
Being a child