Observations placeholder

Antiradical activity of natural honeys and antifungal effect against Penicillium genera



Type of Spiritual Experience


Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi, rapaseed (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family),

A description of the experience

J Environ Sci Health B. 2011;46(1):92-6. doi: 10.1080/03601234.2011.534416.

Antiradical activity of natural honeys and antifungal effect against Penicillium genera.

Kacániová M1, Fatrcová-Sramková K, Nozková J, Melich M, Kadasi-Horáková M, Knazovická V, Felsöciová S, Kunová S, Máriássyová M.

  • 1Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Nitra, Slovak Republic. Miroslava.Kacaniova@gmail.com


The purpose of the study was to examine the antiradical activity of 11 natural honeys and to evaluate the antifungal properties of honey.

Honey samples (10) were collected from different locations of Slovak Republic. Honeys were native to different plant species of Robinia pseudoacaccia, Brassica napus subs. napus, Castanea sativa Mill. Thymus serpyllum vulgaris and the other samples had multifloral origin.

The low antiradical activitity in honey samples was determined. The best results were found in thyme honey from Rhodos (11.84 %) and Castanea honey from Nitra (10.61 %). The lowest antiradical activity was found in Acacia honey and determined to be 7.62 %.

Statistically significant differences (P< 0.001) were found among thyme/Rhodos and Castanea/Nitra.

The antifungal activities of honey samples were tested by 10 %, 25 % and 50 % (by mass per volume) concentration against fungi Penicillium crustosum, P. expansum, P. griseofulvum, P. raistrickii and P. verrucosum and by the agar well diffusion method. The solutions containing 10 % (by mass per volume) of honey did not have any effect on the growth of fungi.

The strongest antifungal effect was shown by 50 % honey concentration against P. raistrickii.



The source of the experience


Concepts, symbols and science items



Science Items

Activities and commonsteps