Some science behind the scenes

Phenols

In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. The simplest of the class is phenol, which is also called carbolic acid. Synonyms are arenols or aryl alcohols.  Phenolic compounds are synthesized industrially; they also are produced by plants and microorganisms, with variation between and within species.

Naturally occurring

Cannabinoids

the active constituents of cannabis

Capsaicin

the pungent compound of chili peppers

Carvacrol

found in, i.a., oregano;

Cresol

found in coal tar and creosote

Estradiol

estrogen - hormones

Eugenol

the main constituent of the essential oil of clove

Guaiacol

(2-methoxyphenol) - has a smokey flavor, and is found in roasted coffee, whisky, and smoke

Methyl salicylate

the major constituent of the essential oil of wintergreen

Salicylic acid

precursor compound to Aspirin (chemical synthesis is used in manufacturing)

Serotonin / dopamine / adrenaline / noradrenaline

natural neurotransmitters

Thymol

(2-Isopropyl-5-methyl phenol) - found in thyme;

Tyrosine

an amino acid

Sesamol

a naturally occurring compound found in sesame seeds

Synthetic

Phenol

the parent compound, used as a disinfectant and for chemical synthesis

BHT

(butylated hydroxytoluene) - a fat-soluble antioxidant and food additive

Orthophenyl phenol

a fungicide used for waxing citrus fruits

Phenolphthalein

pH indicator

Xylenol

used in antiseptics & disinfecticides

 

Drugs, present and past

Diethylstilbestrol

a synthetic estrogen with a stilbene structure; no longer marketed

L-DOPA

a dopamine prodrug used to treat Parkinson's Disease

Propofol

a short-acting intravenous anesthetic agent

 

Observations

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