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Spinoza, Baruch - Ethics - The autonomic system



Type of Spiritual Experience


Spinoza noticed the unique functionality of the body as opposed to the 'mind'.  He recognised that  the body has its own functions [digestion, beating of heart, temperature control, breathing, etc] which are functions separate from those of the 'mind' such as memory, planning, 'thinking'. 

The mind functions apply to the human as a whole, whereas body functions apply to each organ – the heart beats, the stomach digests, the bladder empties itself, the lungs breathe, the liver purifies waste – and the functions happen without the mind being involved.

A description of the experience

Baruch Spinoza - Ethics

Neither can the body determine the mind to think, nor the mind determine the body to motion or rest or anything else (if such there be)

The source of the experience

Spinoza, Baruch

Concepts, symbols and science items


Science Items

Activities and commonsteps