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Screening of some indigenous Qatari medicinal plants for antimicrobial activity



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Phytother Res. 2002 Dec;16(8):751-3.  Screening of some indigenous Qatari medicinal plants for antimicrobial activity.  Mahasneh AM1.  1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Aqueous, ethanol and butanol crude extracts of the aerial parts of ten plants exhibited variable degrees of antimicrobial activity against four bacterial and two fungal species. Aqueous extracts had low antimicrobial activity against E.coli, P.aeruginosa, B. cerreus, S.aureus, C.albicans and A.flavus.

Avicennia marina (AM) aqueous extract exhibited a moderate antifungal activity.

Ethanol and butanol crude extracts exhibited an improved antimicrobial activity. However, butanol exhibited a superior antimicrobial activity compared with aqueous and ethanol crudes. Compared with the standard antibiotics tested the butanol extract had the highest activity. Butanol extracts at 2000 microg/disc of AM,

  • Lotus halophilus (LA),
  • Pulicaria gnaphaloides (PG) and
  • Capparis spinosa (CS)

had a very good antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and -negative bacteria as well as moderate to good antifungal activity against C. albicans and A. flavus.

Medicago laciniata (ML), Limonium axillare (LA) and (PG) butanol crude extract compared with standard chloramphenicol, tetracycline and nalidixic acid exhibited a superior antifungal activity.

PMID: 12458480

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