Purslane suppresses osteoclast differentiation and bone resorbing activity via inhibition of Akt/GSK3β-c-Fos-NFATc1 signaling in vitro and prevents lipopolysaccharide-induced bone loss in vivo
Type of Spiritual Experience
An osteoclast (from the Greek words for "bone" (ὀστέον), and "broken" (κλαστός)) is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue. This function is critical in the maintenance, repair, and remodelling of bones of the vertebral skeleton. The osteoclast disassembles and digests the composite of hydrated protein and mineral at a molecular level by secreting acid and a collagenase, a process known as bone resorption. This process also helps regulate the level of blood calcium.
A description of the experience
Biol Pharm Bull. 2015;38(1):66-74. doi: 10.1248/bpb.b14-00567.
Purslane suppresses osteoclast differentiation and bone resorbing activity via inhibition of Akt/GSK3β-c-Fos-NFATc1 signaling in vitro and prevents lipopolysaccharide-induced bone loss in vivo.
Kim JY1, Oh HM, Kwak SC, Cheon YH, Lee MS, Rho MC, Oh J.
- 1Imaging Science-Based Lung and Bone Diseases Research Center, Wonkwang University.
Purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) is popular as a potherb in many areas of Europe, Asia, and the Mediterranean region and is widely distributed around the globe. It has a wide range of pharmacological effects, such as antibacterial, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative properties.
Although the extract of purslane has numerous beneficial pharmacological effects, its effect on osteoclasts remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the anti-osteoclastogenic activity in vitro and in vivo and to elucidate the underlying mechanism.
The effect of purslane on the differentiation and function of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) into osteoclasts was examined using a phenotype assay such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, F-actin staining, and pit assay and followed by confirmation by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis.
To address the effect of purslane in vivo, the inflammatory, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced osteolysis mouse model was chosen. Bone volume and bone microarchitecture were evaluated by microcomputed tomography and histologic analysis.
Purslane inhibited receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL)-stimulated osteoclast differentiation accompanied by inhibition of Akt/glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) signaling, which could underlie purslane-induced downregulation of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) expression levels, transcription factors that regulate osteoclast-specific genes, as well as osteoclast fusion and resorption-related molecules.
Moreover, in vivo studies further verified the bone protection activity of purslane in the LPS-induced osteolysis animal model.
Purslane could exhibit its anti-osteoclastogenic activity by inhibiting Akt/GSK3β-c-Fos-NFATc1 signaling cascades. Therefore, purslane is a potential natural medicine for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases.