North Whitehead, Alfred – 17 Which comes first the thought or the thinker?
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
PART II DISCUSSIONS AND APPLICATIONS
Chapter VI - From Descartes To Kant
Descartes in his own philosophy conceives the thinker as creating the occasional thought. The philosophy of organism inverts the order, and conceives the thought as a constituent operation in the creation of the occasional thinker. The thinker is the final end whereby there is the thought. In this inversion we have the final contrast between a philosophy of substance and a philosophy of organism.
The philosophies of substance presuppose a subject which then encounters a datum, and then reacts to the datum. The philosophy of organism presupposes a datum which is met with feelings [emotions], and progressively attains the unity of a subject.