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Korean study on foods to have and avoid in children

Identifier

006291

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

Salt in this case is in excess - chloride, as is sugar and fatty food

 

A description of the experience

Psychiatry Res. 2012 Aug 15;198(3):468-76. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.012. Epub 2012 Sep 20. Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children. Park S, Cho SC, Hong YC, Oh SY, Kim JW, Shin MS, Kim BN, Yoo HJ, Cho IH, Bhang SY. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

We aimed to comprehensively investigate the associations between a wide range of measures of dietary behaviors and learning disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in community-dwelling Korean children in order to generate hypotheses for future work.

The present study included 986 children [507 boys, 479 girls; mean (S.D.) age=9.1 (0.7) years] recruited from five South Korean cities.

Children's dietary behaviors were assessed by the mini-dietary assessment (MDA) for Koreans. It consists of ten items to assess the level of intake of dairy products, high-protein foods, vegetables, fried foods, fatty meats, salt, and sweetened desserts and whether the subject is eating three regular meals and has a balanced diet. Learning disability was assessed via the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES). ADHD was assessed via the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children version-IV and the ADHD rating scale, and ADHD-related behavioral problems were assessed via the Child Behavior Checklist.

After adjusting for potential confounders, a high intake of:

  • sweetened desserts
  • fried food, and
  • salt

is associated with more learning, attention, and behavioral problems, whereas a balanced diet, regular meals, and a high intake of

  • dairy products and
  • vegetables

is associated with less learning, attention, and behavioral problems. Our data suggest that existing encouraged dietary habits mostly have beneficial effects on learning, attention, and behavioral problems in Korean children. These findings are in general the same results in other studies on ADHD children in other countries. However, the cross-sectional study design prevents our ability to assess causal relationships.

Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

PMID: 22999993

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PubMed

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