Effects of music on pain in patients with fibromyalgia
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A description of the experience
Clin Rheumatol. 2016 May;35(5):1317-21. doi: 10.1007/s10067-015-3046-3. Epub 2015 Aug 6. Effects of music on pain in patients with fibromyalgia. Alparslan GB1, Babadağ B2, Özkaraman A1, Yıldız P3, Musmul A4, Korkmaz C5.
1Department of Nursing, Eskişehir School of Health, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Meşelik Campus, 26480, Eskisehir, Turkey.
2Department of Nursing, Eskişehir School of Health, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Meşelik Campus, 26480, Eskisehir, Turkey. email@example.com.
3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
4Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
5Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey.
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic syndrome characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal system pain and painful tender points in certain areas of the body.
The aim of the investigation was to determine the effects of music on pain in fibromyalgia patients. This randomized clinical trial was carried out with 37 fibromyalgia outpatients as an experimental group (n = 21) and control group (n = 16) at a University Hospital Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Clinic between 1 June and 1 December 2014.
The research instruments used were descriptive characteristics questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), music CD which includes water and wave sounds recommended by the Turkish Psychological Association for psychological relaxation, and pain evaluation form.
According to the findings, the average age of patients was 43.59 years ± 10.30, 94.6 % were women and 81.1 % were married. The fibromyalgia patients had the disease ranged from 1 month to 20 years, the average of disease duration was 23.6 ± 45.5 months, and the average of pain intensity was 6.89 ± 1.64 on the VAS.
Average pain was reported in the experimental group in VAS on day 1 (5.45 ± 2.73), day 7 (4.57 ± 2.71), and day 14 (4.14 ± 2.45), and significant reduction in pain in the listening music group was seen (p = 0.026).
A repeated measure analysis of variance controlling for differences between days demonstrated a significant decrease in pain between day 1 and day 14 (p = 0.022). There was no significant decrease in pain among control group participants.
The effect of music has been found to control pain in fibromyalgia patients. Music therapy should be suggested in pain management for fibromyalgia patients as an non-pharmacologic nursing intervention.
Fibromyalgia; Music; Nursing; Pain; Therapy
The source of the experiencePubMed
Concepts, symbols and science items
Activities and commonsteps
Listening to sound and music
SuppressionsListening to beating sounds
Listening to music