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Dr Gabriel Valentin - 'feelings of integrity' in cases of congenital limb deformity



Type of Spiritual Experience


Number of hallucinations: 3


Gabriel Gustav Valentin (July, 1810 - May 24, 1883), also Gabriel Valentin, was a German physiologist and professor of physiology at the University of Bern

A description of the experience

Professor Ernest Bozzano Les phénomènes de bilocation Traduit de l’italien par Gabriel Gobron and translated further into English by Serge Patlavskiy

First category -"Senses of integrity" in amputees and impressions of "doubling" in hemipleges.

an excerpt from a book by the German physiologist Valentin, according to which it can be assumed that "feelings of integrity" also exist in cases of congenital limb deformity:

"A 15-year-old girl and a 40-year-old man, both with only one normal hand, while the other had slight fleshy protrusions instead of fingers without bones or muscles, both had the precise sensation of bending the non-existent fingers each time they bent the shapeless stump.... Similarly, people born with one arm shorter than the other, ensure that judging by the sensations they experienced, the length of the atrophied limb does not seem to them to be much less than that of the other: A cripple who lacked almost an entire forearm, so that the atrophied hand seemed to connect directly to the elbow, had the sensation of having a normal arm, whose length did not give way to that of the normal arm...".

The source of the experience

Scientist other

Concepts, symbols and science items




Science Items

Activities and commonsteps