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Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) SCHOTT (Dryopteridaceae) -- Male Fern

Identifier

019192

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) SCHOTT (Dryopteridaceae) -- Male Fern


Chemicals

11,13(13)-HOPADIENE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

12-HOPENE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

9(11)-FERNENE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

ALBASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic DUKE1992B ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Taenicide DUKE1992B

ASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic JBH ; AntiEBV CL105:161 ; Antitumor-Promoter CL105:161 ; Chemopreventive CL105:161 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Taenicide M11

ASPIDINOL Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic JBH ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Taenicide DUKE1992B

BUTANONEPHLOROGLUCIDES Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

BUTYRIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anticancer WER ; Antitumor WER ; Apoptotic BOI ; Bruchifuge 382 ; Nematistat 880 ug/ml NIG ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

DESASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic 200 mg/man MAR ; AntiEBV CL105:161 ; Antitumor-Promoter CL105:161 ; Chemopreventive CL105:161

EO Rhizome 80 - 400 ppm DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FAT Rhizome 50,000 - 60,000 ppm DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FILICIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic OMM ; Antiseptic PMP23:54 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

FILICIN Rhizome 15,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic DUKE1992B ; Cardiotoxic AYL ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Vermifuge WOI

FILICYLBUTANONE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FILMARONE Plant: DUKE1992A

Anthelmintic OMM ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

FLAVASPIDIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

GLUCOSE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Acetylcholinergic DUKE1992B ; Antiedemic JBH ; Antihepatotoxic M11 ; Antiketotic M11 ; Antivaricose JBH ; Hyperglycemic M11 ; Memory-Enhancer SN138:189.1990

HEXANOL Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Antiseptic JAF44:2802 ; FLavor FEMA 0.2-25 ARC ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

ISOBUTYRIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Irritant; Transdermal ZEB

MARGASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Antiinflammatory 50 mg/kg orl

METHYLENE-BIS-NORFLAVASPIDIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

OCTANOL Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PARASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLOBAPHENE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLORASPIDINOL Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLORASPIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLORASPYRONE Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLOROGLUCIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PHLOROPYRON Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

Allergenic JAF49:5674 ; Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor X16500886 ; Antiarrhythmic ACM:407 ; Antiasthmatic DUKE1992B ; Antibacterial PR4(5):198 ; Anticlastogen X9025787 ; Antihepatotoxic JBH ; Antiherpetic DUKE1992B ; Antiinflammatory JBH ; Antiischemic JBH ; AntiLegionella YAK122:487 ; Antileukemic X10856425 ; Antimelanogenic ID60=0.5 uM/ml JAF51:6953 ; Antimutagenic X9025787 ; Antiophidic EMP5:363 ; Antioxidant 1/2 BHT 10 x alpha-tocopherol JAF49:5674 2/3 quercetin; Antiperoxidant IC50=>100 uM PM57:A54 IC75=200 ug/ml JAF50:2993 ; Antiradicular JAF45:1039 ; Antiseptic YAK122:487 ; Antispasmodic EC50=4.6-17 uM PR4(2):73 ; Antitumor (Colon) JAF49:5674 ; Antitumor (Mouth) JAF49:5674 ; Antitumor (Skin) JAF49:5674 ; Antitussive ACM:200 ; Antiviral JAF45:1039 ; Apoptotic X10856425 ; Carcinogenic JAF49:5674 ; Cardioprotective X16407799 ; Chemopreventive 100 ppm orl rat JAF49:5674 ; Fungicide 500 ug/ml 438 ; Glutathione-Depleting JAF49:5674 ; Hepatotoxic JAF49:5674 ; Immunostimulant EMP1:124 ; Nephrotoxic JAF49:5674 ; Pesticide DUKE1992B ; Phagocytotic EMP1:124 ; Prostaglandigenic RWG27 ; Secretogogue CAN ; Tyrosinase-Inhibitor ID60=0.5 uM/ml JAF51:6953 ; Ubiquiot JBH

PSEUDOASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

SUGAR Rhizome 110,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TANNINS Rhizome 78,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TRISASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TRISDESASPIDIN Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

TRISFLAVASPIDIC-ACID Rhizome: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

The source of the experience

Dr Dukes plant database

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Suppressions

Ferns

Commonsteps

References

382: Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.

438: Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.

ACM:200: Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.

ACM:407: Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 407.

ARC: Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry Note: Most ARC numerical data were in mg/dl. I know of no other plant where zinc is more prevalent than other minerals and protein. These data should be viewed as suspect.

AYL: Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.

BOI: Jim Duke's personal files

CAN: Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.

CL105:161: Jim Duke's personal files

DUKE1992A: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

DUKE1992B: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of biologically active phytochemicals and their activities. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

EMP1:124: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.

EMP5:363: Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.

JAF44:2802: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF45:1039: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF49:5674: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF50:2993: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF51:6953: Jim Duke's personal files

JBH: Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.

M11: Merck 11th Edition

MAR: Martindale's 28th

NIG: Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.

OMM: Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)

PM57:A54: Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.

PMP23:54: Jim Duke's personal files

PR4(2):73: Ortiz de Urbina, J.J., Martin, M.L., Sevilla, M.A., Montero, M.J., Carron, R., and San Roman, L. Antispasmodic Activity on Rat Smooth Muscle of Polyphenol Compounds Caffeic and Protocathechic Acids. Phytotherapy Research 4(2): 73, 1990.

PR4(5):198: Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.

RWG27: Jim Duke's personal files

SN138:189.1990: Science News, 138: 189, 1990.

WER: Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.

WOI: ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.

X10856425: Jim Duke's personal files

X16407799: Jim Duke's personal files

X16500886: Jim Duke's personal files

X9025787: Jim Duke's personal files

YAK122:487: Jim Duke's personal files

ZEB: Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.

ppm = parts per million
tr = trace