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Catmint and mouth disease

Identifier

006726

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

J Dent (Tehran). 2013 May;10(4):329-37. Epub 2013 May 31.Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of nepeta cataria L. Against common causes of oral infections. Zomorodian K1, Saharkhiz MJ2, Rahimi MJ1, Shariatifard S3, Pakshir K1, Khashei R4.  Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

OBJECTIVES: Over the past two decades, there has been a growing trend in using oral hygienic products from natural resources such as essential oils and plant extracts. Nepeta cataria L. is a member of the mint family (Labiatae) with several medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to determine the chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oils (EOs) from N. cataria leaves against pathogens causing oral infections.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical composition of EOs from N. cataria was analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil was evaluated by broth micro-dilution in 96 well plates as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methods. The plates were incubated at 30°C for 24-48 h (fungi) or at 37°C for 24 h (bacteria).

RESULTS: The analysis of the EOs indicated that 4a-α, 7-α, 7a-β-nepetalactone (55-58%), and 4a-α, 7-β, 7a-α-nepetalactone (30-31.2%) were the major compounds of the EOs at all developmental stages. The tested EOs exhibited antimicrobial activities against the tested bacteria at concentrations of 0.125-4 μL/mL. Moreover, the oils entirely inhibited the growth of Candida species at a concentration less than 1 μL/mL.

CONCLUSION: Based on these results, the EO of N. cataria can possibly be used as an antimicrobial agent in the treatment and control of oral pathogens.

KEYWORDS: Anti-infective Agents, Candida, Enterococcus, Mouth, Nepeta Cataria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Volatile Oil

PMID: 24396352

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Commonsteps

Aromatherapy

References