Common steps and sub-activities

Confusion by contradictory acts

Hypnotherapist Milton Erickson used this with his patients.  It was designed to confuse.  He said one thing but did another, or said one thing then did something that seemed to be an illogical use of a word.

For example, he used  'counting down' which wasn't counting down.

Hypnotic Realities – Milton Erickson

Now I am going to start the count now
20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3,
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How do you feel?

Another apparent illogicality:

Hypnotic Realities – Milton Erickson

I like volunteers and I also like to pick my volunteers.

Perplexity, befuddling.