Suppressive effect of modified Simiaowan on experimental gouty arthritis - an in vivo and in vitro study
Type of Spiritual Experience
Simiaowan (MSW)is based on Sarsaparilla
A description of the experience
J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Dec 12;150(3):1038-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2013.10.023. Epub 2013 Oct 30.
Suppressive effect of modified Simiaowan on experimental gouty arthritis: an in vivo and in vitro study.
Shi L1, Xu L, Yang Y, Song H, Pan H, Yin L.
College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210046, PR China.
Modified Simiaowan (MSW) is frequently prescribed in traditional Chinese medicine and is famous for its efficiency in treating gouty diseases. We investigated the effectiveness of MSW as an anti-gouty inflammation medicine and its mechanism of action in monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced gouty rat in vivo and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Rats were orally administered with the water extract of MSW (2.5, 5.0, and 10 g/kg body weight), and indomethacin (12.5 mg/kg body weight) was given as a positive control. An intra-articular injection of 0.1 ml (10 mg) of MSU crystals was used to generate the gout model to assess paw volume at 1, 3, and 5h after MSU crystal injection and to analyze the histopathology of joint synovial tissues in the control and MSU crystal-treated rats at the end of the experiment. The HUVEC viability, expression levels of endothelial cell intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and apoptotic HUVECs were assessed in MSU crystal-induced HUVECs treated with (75 μg/ml to 300 μg/ml) MSW and (20 μg/ml) indomethacin by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide test, reverse transcriptase PCR, and acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining, respectively.
MSW could significantly prevent the paw swelling and neutrophil infiltration induced by intra-articular MSU injection in rats. MSW also showed potent analgesic effects at (5.0, 10, and 20 g/kg body weight) in acetic acid-induced mice depending on the dosage. Moreover, MSW could significantly increase HUVEC viability, attenuate the expression of ICAM-1, and prevent apoptosis of HUVECs in MSU-induced HUVECs.
These results provide evidence for the anti-inflammatory effect of MSW by preventing neutrophil infiltration and apoptosis of HUVECs. These mechanisms of action of MSW are similar to that by indomethacin. Therefore, the results support the effectiveness of MSW in treating gouty diseases.
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Apoptosis of HUVECs; Expression of ICAM-1; Gouty arthritis; Histopathological analysis; Modified Simiaowan; Paw swelling