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PubMed - Physical activity in preschool children: comparison between Montessori and traditional preschools

Identifier

015193

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

J Sch Health. 2014 Nov;84(11):716-21. doi: 10.1111/josh.12207.  Physical activity in preschool children: comparison between Montessori and traditional preschools.  Pate RR1, O'Neill JR, Byun W, McIver KL, Dowda M, Brown WH.

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of Montessori methods on children's physical activity (PA). This cross-sectional study compared PA of children attending Montessori and traditional preschools.

METHODS: We enrolled 301 children in 9 Montessori and 8 traditional preschools in Columbia, South Carolina. PA was measured by accelerometry on weekdays during preschool (In-School), non-school (Non-School), and all day (All Day). Minutes/hour of light, moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA), and total PA (light + MVPA) were calculated.

RESULTS: Children attending Montessori preschools accumulated more In-School light (7.7 vs. 6.5 minute/hour), MVPA (7.7 versus 6.5 minute/hour), and total PA (15.4 versus 13.0 minute/hour) than children attending traditional preschools, after adjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index, parent education and neighborhood poverty index. For Non-School (8.5 versus 6.2 minute/hour) and All Day (8.5 versus 7.6 minute/hour), children in Montessori preschools accumulated more MVPA than children in traditional preschools. In-School PA was higher for children in private Montessori than public Montessori preschools (8.1 versus 7.0 minute/hour; 8.1 versus 6.7 minute/hour; 16.1 versus 13.6 minute/hour, for light, MVPA, and total PA, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Children attending Montessori preschools were more active than children attending traditional preschools. Adopting the Montessori system may be an important strategy for promoting PA in children.

PMID:  25274171

The source of the experience

Montessori, Dr Maria

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Obesity

Suppressions

Exercising and keeping fit
Home schooling
Vitamin D

Commonsteps

References