Neurologic complications of pancreas transplants
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Neurologic complications of pancreas transplants - Kiok MC; Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania.
A review of 15 cases of pancreas transplantation at the Presbyterian University Hospital in Pittsburgh showed that all of the neurologic complications occurred outside of the pancreas transplantation surgery itself. Major CNS complications included
- hypoxic encephalopathy (20 per cent),
- cerebral and spinal-cord infarction (7 per cent),
- and seizures (13 per cent).
These appeared to be closely associated with cardiovascular collapse or cardiac arrest that often occurred following septic, hemorrhagic, or additional surgical-anesthetic stresses, removed in time from the transplantation. When patients who died of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest were included, the overall frequency of global cerebral ischemia was 33 per cent. The occurrence of herpes zoster neuritis (13 per cent) was contrasted with the lack of CNS infections.
The possible associations of visual hallucinations with cyclosporine therapy (7 per cent), CSF pleocytosis with OKT3 therapy (7 per cent), and compressive neuropathy with operative-anesthetic monitoring (7 per cent) were discussed in relation to previous reports in the literature. Randomized controlled clinical studies were suggested to distinguish more clearly the complications due to pancreas transplantation from those due to the natural history of the underlying diabetes and to distinguish the beneficial and adverse effects of pancreas transplants from those of coexisting renal transplants.