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Nephroprotective effects of ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide and E-ligustilide isolated from Angelica sinensis against cisplatin toxicity in vitro

Identifier

017776

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Toxicol In Vitro. 2015 Apr;29(3):458-67. doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2014.12.017. Epub 2015 Jan 3.

Nephroprotective effects of ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide and E-ligustilide isolated from Angelica sinensis against cisplatin toxicity in vitro.

Bunel V1, Antoine MH2, Nortier J2, Duez P3, Stévigny C4.

  • 1Laboratory of Experimental Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium; Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Bromatology and Human Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: valerian.bunel@outlook.com.
  • 2Laboratory of Experimental Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
  • 3Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Bromatology and Human Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium; Laboratory of Therapeutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Université de Mons (UMONS), Mons, Belgium.
  • 4Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Bromatology and Human Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

Cisplatin (CisPt), a chemotherapeutic drug applied against solid tumors, is highly detrimental to the kidney. The risk of acute kidney injury implies adequate patient hydration to ensure sufficient diuresis; this strategy, now implemented in clinical practice, remains however incompletely satisfactory.

New pharmacological approaches relying on the discovery of bioactive compounds need to be developed. Based on previous studies reporting renoprotective activities for extracts of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels roots, three of its major active compounds, ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide and E-ligustilide, were investigated for possible alleviation of CisPt-induced nephrotoxicity.

Five phenomena involved in acute kidney injury and subsequent fibrosis were investigated:

  • (i) modulation of cell survival via reduction of the apoptosis rate;
  • (ii) reduction of oxidative stress;
  • (iii) improvement of tubular regeneration capacities through proliferation and migration;
  • (iv) limitation of extracellular matrix and collagen deposition; and
  • (v) prevention of the dedifferentiation processes via the β-catenin pathway.

Ferulic acid emerged as the most potent compound for alleviating cell death and collagen deposition, and for enhancing cell regeneration capacities. It also partially inhibited the β-catenin pathway, but was ineffective in lowering oxidative stress. Z- and E-ligustilides, however, were effective for limiting the oxidative stress, but only moderately affected other parameters.

Ferulic acid appears to be a promising nephroprotective drug lead deserving further preclinical investigation.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Cisplatin; Ferulic acid; HK-2 cells; Ligustilide; Nephroprotection; Regeneration

PMID:

25561245

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Cancer
Chemotherapy drugs

Suppressions

Angelica
Chelation agents
Ferulic acid

Commonsteps

References