Modeling the synergistic antibacterial effects of honey characteristics of different botanical origins from the Sahara Desert of Algeria
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Front Microbiol. 2015 Nov 6;6:1239. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01239. eCollection 2015.
Modeling the synergistic antibacterial effects of honey characteristics of different botanical origins from the Sahara Desert of Algeria.
Laallam H1, Boughediri L2, Bissati S1, Menasria T3, Mouzaoui MS4, Hadjadj S5, Hammoudi R6, Chenchouni H7.
- 1Laboratoire de Bioressources Sahariennes, Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla Ouargla, Algeria.
- 2Equipe de Palynologie, Laboratoire de Biologie Végétale, University of Annaba Annaba, Algeria.
- 3Department of Applied Biology, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Natural and Life Sciences, University of Tebessa Tebessa, Algeria.
- 4Laboratoire Régional du Centre Algérien du Contrôle de la Qualité et de l'Emballage Ouargla, Algeria.
- 5Laboratoire de Protection des Ecosystèmes en Zones Arides "EcoSys," Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla Ouargla, Algeria.
- 6Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Desert Environments, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla Ouargla, Algeria.
- 7Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Natural and Life Sciences, University of Tebessa Tebessa, Algeria ; Department of Ecology and Plant Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, University of Batna 2 Batna, Algeria.
Honey has multiple therapeutic properties due to its composition with diverse components.
This study aims to investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of Saharan honeys against bacterial pathogens, the variation of honey floral origins, and its physicochemical characteristics.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
The antimicrobial activity of 32 samples of honey collected from the Algerian Sahara Desert was tested on four bacteria; Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus. The botanical origin of honeys and their physicochemical properties were determined and their combined antibacterial effects were modeled using a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM).
Out of the 32 study samples, 14 were monofloral and 18 were multifloral. The pollen density was on average 7.86 × 10(6) grains/10 g of honey, water content was 14.6%, electrical conductivity (EC) was 0.5 μS/cm, pH was 4.38 ± 0 50, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content was 82 mg/kg of honey, total sugars = 83%, reducing sugars = 71%, and the concentration of proline = 525.5 ± 550.2 mg/kg of honey. GLMM revealed that the antibacterial effect of honey varied significantly between bacteria and floral origins. This effect increased with increasing of water content and reducing sugars in honey, but it significantly decreased with increase of honey EC. E. coli was the most sensitive species with an inhibition zone of 10.1 ± 4.7 mm, while C. perfringens was the less sensitive. Honeys dominated by pollen of Fabaceae sp. were most effective with an overall antimicrobial activity equals to 13.5 ± 4.7 mm.
Saharan honeys, of certain botanical origins, have physicochemical and pollinic characteristics with relevant potential for antibacterial purposes. This encourages a more comprehensive characterization of honeys with in vivo and in vitro investigations.
GLMM; Sahara Desert bioresources; antibacterial chemotherapy; antibacterial effects; floral origin; honey characterization