In-vitro evaluation of anti-trichomonal activities of Eugenia uniflora leaf
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Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2011;8(2):170-6. Epub 2010 Dec 30.
In-vitro evaluation of anti-trichomonal activities of Eugenia uniflora leaf.
Ibikunle GF1, Adebajo AC, Famuyiwa FG, Aladesanmi AJ, Adewunmi CO.
- 1Department of Pharmacognosy Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Eugenia uniflora, used ethnomedically in some tropical countries as an anti-infective, has shown anti-malarial and anti-trypanocidal activities. Therefore using bioactivity guided fractionation, anti-trichomonal activity of E. uniflora leaf was investigated. Anti-trichomonal activities of leaf methanol extract and its fractions against Trichomonas gallinae as well as their cytotoxicities using an in vitro haemaglutination assay were determined. Anti-trichomonacidal activities of the extract improved on purification up to a stage. Subfractions E(2-5) had LC(50) and LC(90) values of 4.77 - 5.28, 18.49 - 25.00 and 4.53 - 5.18, 18.32 - 19.07 µg/ml at 24 and 48 hrs, respectively that were better than those of metronidazole. Further purification of E(2-5) led to loss of activity suggesting that the active components were probably working synergistically and additively. Demonstration of low haemaglutination titre values of 0.00 - 5.33 by methanolic extract and its partition fractions suggested their low toxicity profile. The established safety of the leaf indicated that its anti-trichomonal activity was not due to non-specific cytotoxicity, hence could be used in ethnomedicine as an anti-trichomonal agent.
Eugenia uniflora; Trichomonas gallinae; in vitro; leaf extract