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Dr Duke's list of Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Betula lenta L. (Betulaceae) -- Cherry Birch

Identifier

019503

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

Chemicals and their Biological Activities in: Betula lenta L. (Betulaceae) -- Cherry Birch


Chemicals

ALPHA-BETULENOL Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

ASH Leaf 77,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

BETA-BETULENOL Plant: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

BETULIN Bark 500 ppm; JAD Heart Wood: JAD

Anticarcinomic PJB1(3):232 ; Antifeedant JAF38:494 ; Antiflu JNP67:344 ; AntiHIV 6.1 uM JNP66:263 ; Antiinflammatory PM61:9 ; Antitumor JBH ; Antiviral; Aphidifuge JAF38:493 ; Cytotoxic 600 ppm DUKE1992B 8.6 uM JNP66:263 ; Hypolipemic PMP23:49 ; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor IC50=119 uM YHH30:621 ; Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor IC50=38.6 uM JNP64:1545

BETULINIC-ACID Bark: JAD

Anthelmintic X11315752 ; Antibacterial X10630117 ; Anticancer JBH ; Anticarcinomic JBH ; Antiedemic X7701004 ; AntiHIV 14.8 uM EC50=2.0 ug/ml JNP61:1090 IC50=6.5 ug/ml; Antiinflammatory PM61:9 ; Antileukemic X9353895 ; Antimalarial IC50=19-26 ug/ml PR13:115 ; Antimelanomic NYT3/28/95 ; Antinociceptive; Antiplasmodial PR13:115 ; Antitumor JBH ; Antiviral 14.8 uM; Apoptotic; Cytotoxic 16.4 uM JNP66:263 50-100 ppm BPCC ; Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor X11684183 ; Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor 200 ug/ml PC48:495 IC50=101 uM YHH30:621

BETULOL Bud: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 556,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

EO Bark 2,300 - 6,000 ppm DUKE1992A Bud 40,000 - 60,000 ppm DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FAT Leaf 86,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

FIBER Leaf 169,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker NP6:1 ; Antidiabetic DUKE1992B ; Antihypertensive NP6:1 ; Antiobesity DUKE1992B ; Antitumor PAM ; Antiulcer PAM ; Beta-Blocker NP6:1 ; Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Cardioprotective DUKE1992B ; Diuretic NP6:1 ; Hypocholesterolemic DUKE1992B ; Hypotensive 10 g/man/day/orl PAM ; Hypouricemic X12350076 ; Laxative DUKE1992B ; Vasodilator NP6:1

METHYL-SALICYLATE Bark 2,231 - 5,988 ppm DUKE1992A

Allergenic MAR ; Analgesic JE26:76 ; Anaphrodisiac X10972120 ; Antiinflammatory PM56(6):660 ; Antioxidant X8042906 ; Antipyretic DUKE1992B ; Antiradicular JPP42:205 ; Antirheumatalgic MAR ; Antiseptic JAF44:2802 ; Antitartar X12537346 ; Cancer-Preventive 525 ; Carminative JE26:76 ; Counterirritant M11 ; Dentifrice ARC ; FLavor FEMA 70-8,000 ARC ; Fungicide X16719518 ; Herpetifuge X2192901 ; Insectifuge JCE20:2847 ; Insectiphile X15112723 ; Perfumery ARC ; Pesticide DUKE1992B

MONOTROPITOSIDE Bark: DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

PROTEIN Leaf 281,000 ppm; DUKE1992A

No activity reported.

The source of the experience

Dr Dukes plant database

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Suppressions

Cherry birch

Commonsteps

References

525: Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.

ARC: Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry Note: Most ARC numerical data were in mg/dl. I know of no other plant where zinc is more prevalent than other minerals and protein. These data should be viewed as suspect.

BPCC: Biosyn. Prod. Cancer Chemotherapy (Petit et al)

DUKE1992A: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

DUKE1992B: Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of biologically active phytochemicals and their activities. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

JAD: Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.

JAF38:493: Lugemwa, F.N., Huang, F-Y., Bentley, M.D., Mendel, M.J., and Alford, A.R. 1990. A Heliothis zea Antifeedant from the Abundant Birchbark Triterpene Betulin. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38(2): 493-494.

JAF38:494: Jim Duke's personal files

JAF44:2802: Jim Duke's personal files

JBH: Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.

JCE20:2847: Hardie, J., Isaacs, R., Pickett,* J.A., Wadhams, L.J., and Woodcock, C.M. 1994. Methyl Salicylate and (-)-(1R,5S)-Myrtenal are Plant-Derived Repellents for Black Bean Aphid, Aphis Fabae Scop. (Homoptera: Aphididae). J. of Chemical Ecology, 20(11):2847.

JE26:76: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP61:1090: Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.

JNP64:1545: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP66:263: Jim Duke's personal files

JNP67:344: Jim Duke's personal files

JPP42:205: O'Connell, M.J., Webster, N.R. 1989. Hyperoxia and salicylate metabolism in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 205-206, 1990.

M11: Merck 11th Edition

MAR: Martindale's 28th

NP6:1: Jim Duke's personal files

NYT3/28/95: New York Times, 3/28/95.

PAM: Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).

PC48:495: Dunstan, C. A., Liu, B., Welch, C. J., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Alphitol, a Phenolic Substance from Alphitonia zizyphoides which Inhibits Prostaglandin Biosynthesis in vitro. Phytochemistry, 48(3): 495-497.

PJB1(3):232: Jim Duke's personal files

PM56(6):660: Planta Medica, 56(6): 660, 1990.

PM61:9: Recio, M., et al. 1994. Investigations on the Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Triterpenoids from Diospyros leucomelas*. Planta Medica, 61: 9.

PMP23:49: Jim Duke's personal files

PR13:115: Jim Duke's personal files

X10630117: Jim Duke's personal files

X10972120: Jim Duke's personal files

X11315752: Jim Duke's personal files

X11684183: Jim Duke's personal files

X12350076: Jim Duke's personal files

X12537346: Jim Duke's personal files

X15112723: Jim Duke's personal files

X16719518: Jim Duke's personal files

X2192901: Jim Duke's personal files

X7701004: Jim Duke's personal files

X8042906: Jim Duke's personal files

X9353895: Jim Duke's personal files

YHH30:621: Huang, C., Tunon, H., Bohlin, L. 1995. Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Isolated from Menyanthes trifoliata L. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 30(8): 621-626.

ppm = parts per million
tr = trace