Déjà vu experiences in patients with schizophrenia
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
Compr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep-Oct;47(5):389-93. Epub 2006 Apr 19.
Déjà vu experiences in patients with schizophrenia.
Adachi T1, Adachi N, Takekawa Y, Akanuma N, Ito M, Matsubara R, Ikeda H, Kimura M, Arai H.
Adachi Mental Clinic, Sapporo 004-0867, Japan.
To investigate whether déjà vu experiences are psychopathologic phenomena, we studied the frequency and characteristics of déjà vu experiences in patients with schizophrenia. One hundred thirteen patients with schizophrenia and 386 nonclinical control subjects were evaluated with the Inventory of Déjà vu Experiences Assessment. The frequency and features of déjà vu experiences were compared between the 2 groups. The patients with schizophrenia had déjà vu experiences less frequently (53.1%) than did the nonclinical subjects (76.2%). The frequency of déjà vu experiences did not correlate significantly with age at evaluation or education level among the patients with schizophrenia. Most characteristics of déjà vu experiences of the patients were comparable with those of the control subjects. However, the experiences of the patients tended to be longer and more monotonous. The patients often felt alert, oppressed, and disturbed by the experiences. They appeared to have the experiences under unpleasant mental or physical states. Their déjà vu experiences are not primarily different in nature from those of the nonclinical subjects. The decreased frequency of the experiences in the patients may suggest déjà vu experiences as nonpathologic phenomena.