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Carnosol: a phenolic diterpene with cancer chemopreventive potential

Identifier

017759

Type of Spiritual Experience

Background

A description of the experience

J Cancer Prev. 2014 Jun;19(2):103-10. doi: 10.15430/JCP.2014.19.2.103.

Carnosol: a phenolic diterpene with cancer chemopreventive potential.

Chun KS1, Kundu J1, Chae IG1, Kundu JK1.

  • 1College of Pharmacy, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

Cancer is an unbeaten health challenge for the humankind. After striving for decades to find a cancer cure, attention has now been shifted to reduce the morbidity and mortality from cancer by halting the course of tumor development.

Numerous bioactive phytochemicals, especially those present in edible and non-edible plant species, have been reported to reduce the risk of many cancers.

Multiple lines of evidence suggest that carnosol, a phenolic diterpene present in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), holds the promise of preventing certain types of cancer. A remarkable progress has been made in delineating the biochemical mechanisms underlying the chemopreventive effects of carnosol.

Results from in vitro cell culture studies as well as animal model experiments have revealed that carnosol inhibits experimentally induced carcinogenesis and exhibits potent anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and apoptosis inducing properties.

Moreover, carnosol enhances the sensitivity of chemoresistant cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. The purpose of this review is to shed light on the detailed mechanistic aspects of cancer chemoprevention with carnosol.

KEYWORDS:

Antiangiogenic; Antiinflammatory; Antioxidants; Antiproliferative; Carnosol; Chemosensitization

PMID:  25337578

The source of the experience

PubMed

Concepts, symbols and science items

Concepts

Symbols

Science Items

Activities and commonsteps

Activities

Overloads

Cancer

Suppressions

Carnosol
Chelation agents
Rosemary

Commonsteps

References