Japanese lady with MS
Type of Spiritual Experience
A description of the experience
A case of primary progressive multiple sclerosis with onset of memory impairment].
[Article in Japanese] - Yamashita K, Nomura T, Ohyagi Y, Taniwaki T, Furuya H, Kuwabara Y, Kira J. Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University.
We report a 52-year-old woman with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) presenting with chronic progressive memory impairment.
From a couple of years prior to admission, she had developed impairment of her short-term memory. For example, she forgot her nephew's name, and spoke the same phrases again and again. She also sometimes forgot to turn off her gas stove and forgot things she bought in shops. Moreover, her mental activity gradually decreased and she became apathetic. However, she did not note her memory impairment, and had no hallucinations. She was admitted to our hospital on 20 May, 2003 because donepezil had been ineffective for treating her memory impairment.
Neurologically, she showed bilateral horizontal gaze nystagmus, mild limb ataxia on the left and mildly ataxic gait. Neuropsychological examinations showed mildly impaired cognitive function, … and especially in verbal short memory, which may represent temporal lobe dysfunction. Moreover, Benton's visual memory test revealed marked visual short-term memory impairment, while impaired performance on a Kana picking up test suggested mild to moderate attention impairment, which could have represented frontal lobe dysfunction.
Brain MRI showed multiple T2-high plaque lesions close to the bilateral lateral ventricles, and bilateral optic nerve lesions enhanced by gadolinium. Also, spinal cord MRI showed a gadolinium enhanced lesion at Th5 on the left.. …… Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed a decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the bilateral frontal and temporal lobes, which was consistent with her clinical features. …... Parietal and frontal lobes are reported to be important for verbal and visual working memory, respectively. Thus, in the present case, decreased CBF in the frontal and temporal lobes, which could have been due to a disconnection between cortices and subcortices caused by the white matter lesions, is consistent with the type of her cognitive dysfunction, i.e., notable visual memory impairment…